Sudan Flag

Sudan flag
Sudan flag

Sudan's flag, which was established on May 20, 1970, consists of three horizontal stripes in the colors red, white, and black. A green triangle appears on the hoist side of the flag. The flag's design is based on the Arab Liberation Flag of Egypt's 1952 revolution.

This design can also be found on the flags of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, and Palestine, and it was formerly used on the flags of the United Arab Republic, North Yemen, South Yemen, and the Libyan Arab Republic.

The flag's colors, black, white, red, and green, are known together as the Pan-Arab colors, and are frequently used in Arab flags. The Sudanese flag's distinctive color scheme is known as the Arab Liberation colors, and it consists of horizontal stripes of equal width, with red on top, white in the middle, and black on the bottom. The green triangle on the hoist side distinguishes Sudan's flag from the other flags that use the Arab Liberation colors.

On the central stripe of the original Arab Liberation banner was a green eagle of Saladin. Prior to the adoption of the current flag, Sudan flew a multicolored flag with blue, yellow, and green from 1956 until 1969, when Gaafar Nimeiry's military coup occurred.

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Country information

Sudan is a country located in North Africa, bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad and Central African Republic to the west, South Sudan and Ethiopia to the south, Eritrea and Red Sea to the east. It is a landlocked country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Sudan is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to rivers and deserts.

The history of Sudan dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 4000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of African, Arab, and other influences. Sudan gained independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.

Today, Sudan is a lower-middle-income country with a small and diversified economy. The country is known for its oil industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as cotton, wheat, and livestock. Sudan has a hot and dry desert climate, with hot temperatures year-round. The official languages of Sudan are Arabic and English.

Independent Yes
Country codes SD, SDN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of the Sudan
Official languages Arabic, English
Religion 91.7% Islam, 4.5% Christianity, 2.8% Traditional Faiths, 1% Others
Capital city Khartoum
Continent Africa
Time zone CET: UTC+01:00
Member of United Nations
Arab League
African Union
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 46,501,431 (2023)
Population density 25 per Km2 (64 people per mi2)
Urban Population 35.0 % of the population is urban (15,349,424 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -50,000
Median age 19.7 years
Total area The total land area is 1,765,048 Km2 (681,489 sq. miles)
Highest point Deriba Caldera (3 042 m, 9 980 ft)
Lowest point Red Sea
GDP per capita $ 751 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Sudanese pound (, SDG)
Calling code +249
Internet TLD .sd (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Sudan Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Sudan

1 Khartoum 1,974,647
2 Omdurman 1,200,000
3 Nyala 565,734
4 Port Sudan 489,725
5 Kassala 401,477
6 El Obeid 393,311
7 Al Qadarif 363,945
8 Kosti 345,068
9 Wad Medani 332,714
10 El Daein 264,734
11 El Fasher 252,609
12 Singa 250,000
13 Ad-Damazin 186,051
14 Geneina 162,981
15 Rabak 135,281
16 Sinnar 130,122
17 Al Manaqil 128,297
18 Gereida 120,000
19 An Nuhud 108,008
20 Atbara 107,930
21 Ed Damer 103,941
22 Kadugli 87,666
23 Ad Douiem 87,068
24 Umm Ruwaba 55,742
25 Shendi 53,568
26 Dilling 37,113
27 As Suki 33,524
28 Ar Ruseris 28,862
29 Al Hasaheisa 28,735
30 Maiurno 28,727
31 Zalingei 28,687
32 Sawakin 28,570
33 Tandalti 27,275
34 Ar Rahad 26,273
35 Kinana 26,233
36 Al Hawatah 24,513
37 Berber 22,395
38 Tokar 22,250
39 Abu Jibeha 21,790
40 Al Mijlad 19,997
41 Doka 19,821
42 Kuraymah 19,593
43 El Bauga 19,141
44 Al Qitena 18,321
45 Al Hilaliyya 17,345
46 Barah 16,969
47 Abu Zabad 15,304
48 Ad Dindar 15,144
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