Libya Flag

Libya flag
Libya flag

Libya's national flag was initially unveiled in 1951, during the reign of the Kingdom of Libya. It was designed by Omar Faiek Shennib and accepted by King Idris Al Senussi, who was a member of the UN delegation representing Cyrenaica, Fezzan, and Tripolitania during UN unification deliberations.

However, following the fall of the Kingdom in 1969, the flag was outlawed, and ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi instituted numerous additional flags during his reign. Following Gaddafi's demise in 2011, the National Transitional Council re-adopted the flag.

The current flag has three bands in red, black, and green, with the central black band being double the width of the outside bands. A white star and crescent are at the middle of the flag. The flag was inspired by the Arab nationalist movement, with red representing the struggle for freedom, black representing the despotic regime's dark days, and green representing peace and prosperity.

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Country information

Libya is a country in North Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger and Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest. The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 700,000 square miles, Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa and is the 16th largest country in the world. The capital city is Tripoli, while the largest city is Benghazi.

Libya has a population of about 6.5 million people. The official languages are Arabic and Berber, but Italian and English are also widely spoken. The vast majority of the population follows Islam, with a small Christian minority. The country has a mixed economy, relying on oil, agriculture, and manufacturing.

Libya has a long history dating back to ancient times. It was a center of trade and commerce in the region, and was home to many civilizations including the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. In the modern era, it was a colony of Italy and then a monarchy until a coup in 1969 led to the establishment of a socialist state. In 2011, a civil war led to the toppling of the government and the killing of its leader, Muammar Gaddafi.

Despite its rich oil reserves, Libya has struggled economically in recent years due to the ongoing conflict and the disruption of oil production. The country also faces significant humanitarian challenges, including widespread poverty, food insecurity, and a lack of access to basic services such as healthcare and education. The ongoing conflict has also led to an increase in human rights abuses, including the use of torture and arbitrary detention, as well as the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people.

Independent Yes
Country codes LY, LBY (ISO 3166-1)
Official name State of Libya
Official languages Arabic
Religion 99.7% Islam, 0.3% Others
Capital city Tripoli
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
Member of United Nations
African Union
Arab League
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Population 7,110,412 (2023)
Population density 4 per Km2 (10 people per mi2)
Urban Population 78.2 % of the population is urban (5,375,771 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -1,999
Median age 28.8 years
Total area The total land area is 1,759,540 Km2 (679,362 sq. miles)
Highest point Bikku Bitti (2 267 m, 7 438 ft)
Lowest point Sabkhat Ghuzayyil (-47 m, -154 ft)
GDP per capita $ 6,357 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Libyan dinar (ل.د, LYD)
Calling code +218
Internet TLD .ly (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Libya Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Libya

1 Tripoli 1,150,989
2 Benghazi 650,629
3 Misratah 386,120
4 Tarhuna 210,697
5 Al Khums 201,943
6 Az Zawiyah 200,000
7 Zawiya 186,123
8 Ajdabiya 134,358
9 Al Ajaylat 130,546
10 Sabha 130,000
11 Sirte 128,123
12 Al Jadid 126,386
13 Tobruk 121,052
14 Zliten 109,972
15 Sabratah 102,038
16 Tagiura 100,000
17 Al Marj 85,315
18 Gharyan 85,219
19 Darnah 78,782
20 Al Bayda' 74,594
21 Yafran 67,638
22 Bani Walid 46,350
23 At Taj 46,050
24 Zuwarah 45,000
25 Murzuq 43,732
26 Ubari 42,975
27 Brak 39,444
28 Zintan 33,000
29 Al Abyar 32,563
30 Waddan 27,590
31 Nalut 26,256
32 Mizdah 26,107
33 Surman 25,235
34 Al Qubbah 24,631
35 Ghat 24,347
36 Masallatah 23,702
37 Tukrah 23,164
38 Az Zuwaytinah 21,015
39 Hun 18,878
40 Zaltan 17,700
41 Al Jawf 17,320
42 Qaryat Suluq 15,543
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