The flag of Ethiopia is a green-yellow-red tricolor with the national emblem of Ethiopia, a golden pentagram on a blue disc, superimposed in the center.
The combination of these colors has retained symbolic significance since at least the early 17th century, but Menelik II first embraced the modern tricolor on October 11, 1897. The current flag design was approved on October 31, 1996.
The green hue signifies Ethiopia's land and natural resources, the yellow color represents peace and hope, and the red color represents the blood of those who battled for the country's independence. The blue disc with the golden pentagram signifies the country's unity and variety, as well as the diversity of its cultures and languages.
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Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. It is a large country with a land area of about 441,000 square miles, and it is home to over 114 million people, making it the 14th most populous country in the world.
Ethiopia has a diverse and multicultural society, with people of Oromo, Amhara, and other African descent living in the country. The official language is Amharic, and the country has a predominantly Christian population, with the Ethiopian Orthodox Church being the state church.
Ethiopia has a varied and unique landscape, ranging from mountains to forests to deserts. The climate is varied, with temperatures ranging from hot and dry in the lowlands to cold and wet in the highlands. The country is known for its beautiful natural scenery and history, and it is a popular tourist destination.
Ethiopia has a federal parliamentary system of government and is a federal parliamentary republic. It is a member of the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, and the United Nations, and it has a strong relationship with other countries in the region.
Ethiopia has a strong and diversified economy, with a wide range of industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. It is a major exporter of coffee, oilseeds, and textiles, and it is also home to a growing technology sector.
Ethiopia has a rich and vibrant culture, with a diverse range of traditional music, dance, and art forms. It is also home to several protected areas, including the Bale Mountains National Park, which is home to a variety of plant and animal species.
|Country codes||ET, ETH (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia|
|Official languages||Afar, Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya|
|Religion||67.3% Christianity, 31.3% Islam, 0.6% Traditional faiths, 0.8% Others / None|
|Capital city||Addis Ababa|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||115 per Km2 (298 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||21.3 % of the population is urban (24,463,423 people in 2020)|
|Median age||19.5 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 1,000,000 Km2 (386,102 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Ras Dejen (4 550 m, 14 928 ft)|
|Lowest point||Danakil Depression (-125 m, -410 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 925 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Ethiopian birr (Br, ETB)|
|Internet TLD||.et (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Ethiopia Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Ethiopia