Chad Flag

Chad flag
Chad flag

The flag of Chad is a vertical tricolor of blue, gold, and red. The blue represents the sky and hope, the gold represents the sun and desert, and the red represents the bloodshed in the country's struggle for independence. The flag has remained unchanged since it was adopted in 1960 for the autonomous republic and retained upon independence in 1959, and it is protected by the country's constitution.

The flag of Chad has caused some international controversy due to its similarity to the flag of Romania, which prompted Chad to ask the United Nations to examine the issue in 2004. However, the President of Romania at the time, Ion Iliescu, stated that no change would be made to Romania's flag, as it predates Chad's existence as a country.

The flag of Chad is not associated with any of the main power rivals within the country and has not been changed despite the many political upheavals that have occurred in Chad since independence.

Chad flag downloads

Country information

Chad is a landlocked country located in Central Africa, bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the west, and Niger to the northwest. It is the 5th largest country in Africa and is home to over 16 million people, making it the 65th most populous country in the world.

Chad has a diverse and multicultural society, with over 120 indigenous languages spoken throughout the country. French and Arabic are the official languages, reflecting the country's colonial history as a former French colony and its location in the Arab world. The country has a predominantly Muslim population, with a small minority of Christians and other religious groups.

Chad has a varied and unique landscape, ranging from savannas to mountains to deserts. The country is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including giraffes, lions, and elephants.

Agriculture is a major industry in Chad, with the country exporting a variety of crops including cotton, peanuts, and sorghum. It is also rich in natural resources, including oil and minerals.

Chad has a complex and volatile political history, with periods of stability and unrest. In recent years, the country has faced ongoing conflict and civil war, and the government has faced criticism for its human rights record.

Despite its challenges, Chad has a rich and vibrant culture, with a diverse range of traditional music, dance, and art forms. It is also home to several protected areas, including the Zakouma National Park, which is home to a variety of plant and animal species.

Independent Yes
Country codes TD, TCD (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Chad
Official languages Arabic and French
Religion 55.1% Islam, 41.1% Christianity, 2.4% No religion, 1.3% Animism, 0.1% Others
Capital city N'Djamena
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Member of United Nations
African Union
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 17,611,000 (2023)
Population density 13 per Km2 (34 people per mi2)
Urban Population 23.3 % of the population is urban (3,830,260 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 2,000
Median age 16.6 years
Total area The total land area is 1,259,200 Km2 (486,180 sq. miles)
Highest point Emi Koussi (3 445 m, 11 302 ft)
Lowest point Djourab Depression (160 m, 525 ft)
GDP per capita $ 685 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Central African CFA franc (Fr, XAF)
Calling code +235
Internet TLD .td (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Chad Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Chad

1 N'Djamena 721,081
2 Moundou 135,167
3 Sarh 102,528
4 Abeche 74,188
5 Kelo 42,533
6 Koumra 36,263
7 Pala 35,466
8 Am Timan 28,885
9 Bongor 27,770
10 Mongo 27,763
11 Doba 24,336
12 Ati 24,074
13 Fada 23,786
14 Lai 19,382
15 Oum Hadjer 19,271
16 Bitkine 18,495
17 Mao 18,031
18 Massaguet 17,906
19 Dourbali 17,682
20 Mboursou Lere 17,132
21 Kyabe 16,177
22 Benoy 15,717
23 Massakory 15,406
24 Moussoro 15,190
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