Niger Flag

Niger flag
Niger flag

Niger's flag is the national flag of the Republic of Niger. Since 1959, a year before the country's formal independence from French West Africa, it has served as the national flag. The flag is made up of three equal horizontal stripes of orange, white, and green, with a central orange roundel.

Orange represents the desert, white represents calm and innocence, while green represents hope, fertility, and Niger's grasslands. The roundel in the center of the flag depicts the sun and the people's ambition to construct the nation. Along with the coat of arms, the national anthem (“la Nigérienne”), and the national slogan “Fraternité, Travail, Progrès,” the flag is one of Niger's recognized national symbols (Brotherhood, Work, Progress).

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Country information

Niger is a landlocked country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Algeria and Libya to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, and Burkina Faso and Mali to the west. Niger is a largely desert country, with a harsh and arid climate, but it is also home to a number of rivers and lakes, including the Niger River, which gives the country its name.

The history of Niger dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 2500 BC. The country has a diverse cultural heritage, with a mix of indigenous, Arab, and West African influences. Niger was colonized by the French in the late 19th century, and gained independence in 1960.

Today, Niger is a poor, developing country with a largely agricultural economy. The country is known for its production of oil, uranium, and other minerals, as well as its livestock and agricultural exports. Niger has a tropical desert climate, with hot and dry weather year-round. The official language of Niger is French, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of ethnicities and religions.

Independent Yes
Country codes NE, NER (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Niger
Official languages French
Religion 99.3% Islam, 0.3% Christianity, 0.2% Animism, 0.1% Irreligion
Capital city Niamey
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Member of United Nations
African Union
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 26,463,741 (2023)
Population density 19 per Km2 (49 people per mi2)
Urban Population 16.5 % of the population is urban (4,002,638 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 4,000
Median age 15.2 years
Total area The total land area is 1,266,700 Km2 (489,075 sq. miles)
Highest point Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès (2 022 m, 6 634 ft)
Lowest point Niger River (200 m, 656 ft)
GDP per capita $ 590 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency West African CFA franc (Fr, XOF)
Calling code +227
Internet TLD .ne (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Niger Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Niger

1 Niamey 774,235
2 Zinder 191,424
3 Maradi 163,487
4 Agadez 124,324
5 Alaghsas 88,561
6 Tahoua 80,425
7 Dosso 49,750
8 Birni N Konni 48,103
9 Tessaoua 35,775
10 Gaya 33,051
11 Dogondoutchi 31,767
12 Diffa 27,948
13 Ayorou 26,290
14 Madaoua 24,804
15 Mayahi 22,183
16 Tera 21,095
17 Mirriah 20,724
18 Tibiri 20,019
19 Dakoro 19,798
20 Magaria 19,419
21 Tillaberi 19,262
22 Nguigmi 17,897
23 Matamey 16,844
24 Illela 16,678
25 Tanout 15,204
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