Kenya's flag, called in Swahili as the “Bendera ya Kenya,” is a tricolor of black, red, and green with two white borders. The flag has a red, white, and black Maasai shield with two crossed spears that are overlaid on it.
The flag was formally approved on December 12th, 1963, following Kenya's independence, and is based on the flag of the Kenya African National Union.
The flag's colors have specific connotations, with the black representing the Kenyan people, the red representing their struggle for freedom and independence, and the green representing the country's natural abundance and fertility. Furthermore, the Maasai Shield and crossed spears are a symbol of Kenyan unity and defense of freedom.
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Kenya is known for its diverse and unique wildlife, including the “Big Five” game animals (lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo, and rhinoceros). The Maasai Mara National Reserve, located in the Great Rift Valley, is home to a large population of these animals and is a popular tourist destination. The country is also home to a variety of landscapes, including the white sandy beaches of the coast, the rolling hills and grasslands of the central highlands, and the arid desert regions of the north. It is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, and Tanzania to the south. The country is also bordered by the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
The country has a rich cultural history, with over 40 different ethnic groups. The Maasai people, known for their traditional way of life as semi-nomadic herders, are one of the most well-known groups. The Swahili culture, with its mix of African, Arab, and Indian influences, is also prevalent along the coast.
Kenya has faced a number of challenges, including corruption, political instability, and economic inequality. The country has also been affected by terrorism, with attacks carried out by the extremist group Al-Shabaab in recent years. Despite these challenges, Kenya has made progress in areas such as education and healthcare, and has a growing economy with a focus on sectors such as technology and manufacturing.
|Country codes||KE, KEN (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Kenya|
|Official languages||Swahili and English|
|Religion||85.5% Christianity, 10.9% Islam, 1.6% No religion, 0.7% Traditional faiths, 1.3% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (East Africa Time)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Commonwealth of Nations|
|East African Community|
|Population density||94 per Km2 (245 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||27.8 % of the population is urban (14,975,059 people in 2020)|
|Median age||20.1 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 569,140 Km2 (219,746 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Kenya (5 199 m, 17 057 ft)|
|Lowest point||Indian Ocean|
|GDP per capita||$ 2,081 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Kenyan shilling (Sh, KES)|
|Internet TLD||.ke (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Kenya Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Kenya