The Ugandan flag, known in Ugandan languages as Bendera ya Uganda, was adopted on October 9, 1962, the day Uganda won independence from the British Empire. The flag has six equal-width horizontal stripes with the colors black, yellow, red, black, yellow, and red oriented from top to bottom. A white disc overlaid in the center of the flag depicts the national symbol, a grey crowned crane facing the flag's left side.
The Ugandan flag's color scheme has important importance, with black signifying the African people, yellow representing the sun and the nation's bright future, and red representing the bloodshed during the war for independence. The national bird of Uganda, the grey-crowned crane, reflects the country's individuality and vigilance.
According to regulations established in 1865, the British authorities used a blue ensign defaced with the colonial insignia during the colonial era. However, Buganda, the largest traditional kingdom in Uganda's colony, had its own flag. To avoid favoring one region over another, British colonial authorities decided to use the crane emblem on the blue ensign and other official banners. This emblem was later selected as Uganda's national symbol after the country gained independence.
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Uganda is a country located in East Africa, bordered by Kenya to the east, South Sudan to the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, Rwanda to the southwest, and Tanzania to the south. It is a large, culturally diverse country with a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Uganda is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to lakes and savannas.
The history of Uganda dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 1000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Bantu, Nilotic, and other influences. Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.
Today, Uganda is a lower-middle-income country with a large and diversified economy. The country is known for its agricultural industry, as well as for its production of coffee, tea, and tobacco. Uganda has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The official language of Uganda is English.
|Country codes||UG, UGA (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Uganda|
|Official languages||English, Swahili|
|Religion||84.4% Christianity, 13.7% Islam, 1.9% Others / None|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Commonwealth of Nations|
|East African Community|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||229 per Km2 (593 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||25.7 % of the population is urban (11,775,012 people in 2020)|
|Median age||16.7 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 199,810 Km2 (77,147 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Stanley (5 109 m, 16 762 ft)|
|Lowest point||Albert Nile (621 m, 2 037 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 883 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Ugandan shilling (Sh, UGX)|
|Internet TLD||.ug (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Uganda Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Uganda