Uganda Flag

Uganda flag
Uganda flag

The Ugandan flag, known in Ugandan languages as Bendera ya Uganda, was adopted on October 9, 1962, the day Uganda won independence from the British Empire. The flag has six equal-width horizontal stripes with the colors black, yellow, red, black, yellow, and red oriented from top to bottom. A white disc overlaid in the center of the flag depicts the national symbol, a grey crowned crane facing the flag's left side.

The Ugandan flag's color scheme has important importance, with black signifying the African people, yellow representing the sun and the nation's bright future, and red representing the bloodshed during the war for independence. The national bird of Uganda, the grey-crowned crane, reflects the country's individuality and vigilance.

According to regulations established in 1865, the British authorities used a blue ensign defaced with the colonial insignia during the colonial era. However, Buganda, the largest traditional kingdom in Uganda's colony, had its own flag. To avoid favoring one region over another, British colonial authorities decided to use the crane emblem on the blue ensign and other official banners. This emblem was later selected as Uganda's national symbol after the country gained independence.

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Country information

Uganda is a country located in East Africa, bordered by Kenya to the east, South Sudan to the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, Rwanda to the southwest, and Tanzania to the south. It is a large, culturally diverse country with a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Uganda is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to lakes and savannas.

The history of Uganda dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 1000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Bantu, Nilotic, and other influences. Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.

Today, Uganda is a lower-middle-income country with a large and diversified economy. The country is known for its agricultural industry, as well as for its production of coffee, tea, and tobacco. Uganda has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The official language of Uganda is English.

Independent Yes
Country codes UG, UGA (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Uganda
Official languages English, Swahili
Religion 84.4% Christianity, 13.7% Islam, 1.9% Others / None
Capital city Kampala
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Member of United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
African Union
East African Community
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 49,488,718 (2023)
Population density 229 per Km2 (593 people per mi2)
Urban Population 25.7 % of the population is urban (11,775,012 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 168,694
Median age 16.7 years
Total area The total land area is 199,810 Km2 (77,147 sq. miles)
Highest point Mount Stanley (5 109 m, 16 762 ft)
Lowest point Albert Nile (621 m, 2 037 ft)
GDP per capita $ 883 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Ugandan shilling (Sh, UGX)
Calling code +256
Internet TLD .ug (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Uganda Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Uganda

1 Kampala 1,353,189
2 Gulu 146,858
3 Lira 119,323
4 Mbarara 97,500
5 Jinja 93,061
6 Bwizibwera 79,157
7 Mbale 76,493
8 Mukono 67,290
9 Kasese 67,269
10 Masaka 65,373
11 Entebbe 62,969
12 Njeru 61,952
13 Kitgum 56,891
14 Soroti 56,400
15 Arua 55,585
16 Iganga 45,024
17 Kabale 43,500
18 Busia 43,200
19 Fort Portal 42,670
20 Mityana 41,131
21 Tororo 40,400
22 Hoima 39,625
23 Lugazi 35,036
24 Masindi 31,486
25 Ibanda 31,000
26 Pallisa 30,745
27 Nyachera 30,509
28 Nebbi 30,354
29 Adjumani 28,700
30 Paidha 28,348
31 Luwero 28,338
32 Wobulenzi 24,415
33 Yumbe 24,300
34 Namasuba 22,507
35 Bugiri 22,500
36 Kayunga 21,704
37 Wakiso 20,530
38 Mubende 18,936
39 Kotido 18,800
39 Moyo 18,800
40 Kyenjojo 18,600
41 Kireka 17,947
42 Kamwenge 17,169
43 Bundibugyo 16,919
44 Ntungamo 16,915
45 Busembatia 15,889
46 Ntungamo 15,300
47 Buwenge 15,130
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