Somalia Flag

Somalia flag
Somalia flag

The Somali flag, commonly known as the Somali national flag, was adopted on October 12, 1954, and was created by Mohammed Awale Liban. It has a light blue background with a white star in the center and a white five-pointed star in the center.

The light blue color is considered to represent the United Nations and the hope for peace, while the Somali flag represents the Somali people's unity and aspirations. The five points on the star reflect the five regions in which Somalis live. The design was first used within Somaliland's Trust Territory before being adopted by the short-lived State of Somaliland and, later, the Somali Republic.

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Country information

Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, and Kenya to the southwest. It is a country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Somalia is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to beaches and coastlines.

The history of Somalia dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 4000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of African, Arab, and other influences. Somalia gained independence from Italy in 1960, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.

Today, Somalia is a lower-middle-income country with a small and diversified economy. The country is known for its tourism industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as livestock, sorghum, and maize. Somalia has a hot and dry desert climate, with hot temperatures year-round. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic.

Independent Yes
Country codes SO, SOM (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Federal Republic of Somalia
Official languages Somali, Arabic
Religion Sunni Islam
Capital city Mogadishu
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Member of United Nations
Arab League
African Union
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 17,040,922 (2023)
Population density 25 per Km2 (66 people per mi2)
Urban Population 46.8 % of the population is urban (7,431,038 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -40,000
Median age 16.7 years
Total area The total land area is 627,340 Km2 (242,217 sq. miles)
Highest point Shimbiris (2 450 m, 8 038 ft)
Lowest point Indian Ocean
GDP per capita $ 447 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Somali shilling (Sh, SOS)
Calling code +252
Internet TLD .so (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Somalia Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Somalia

1 Mogadishu 2,587,183
2 Hargeysa 477,876
3 Berbera 242,344
4 Kismayo 234,852
5 Marka 230,100
6 Jamaame 185,270
7 Baidoa 129,839
8 Burao 99,270
9 Bosaso 74,287
10 Afgooye 65,461
11 Gaalkacyo 61,200
12 Laascaanood 60,100
13 Garoowe 57,300
14 Beledweyne 55,410
15 Qoryooley 51,720
16 Jawhar 47,086
17 Jilib 43,694
18 Baardheere 42,240
19 Ceerigaabo 33,853
20 Luuq 33,820
21 Buurhakaba 27,792
22 Ceeldheer 26,562
23 Wanlaweyn 22,022
24 Baki 20,000
25 Eyl 18,904
26 Buulobarde 16,928
27 Qandala 15,923
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