The Italian flag is a tricolor with three vertical stripes of green, white, and red. Hope (green), faith (white), and charity are supposed to be represented by the colors (red).
The Cispadane Republic formally adopted the flag in 1797, but the tricolor had already been used by the Lombard Legion in Milan in 1796. The flag became a significant emblem of Italian unification and has since served as Italy's national flag. Tricolor Day is observed in Italy on January 7th to honor the introduction of the flag.
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Italy is a country located in Southern Europe, on the Italian Peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. It shares its borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy is the third most populous member of the European Union, with a population of over 60 million people, and the sixth most populous country in Europe. The country is home to numerous civilizations, including the Italic peoples and the Etruscans, and has a rich cultural history. The Roman Kingdom was established in the 8th century BC and eventually became a republic. The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbors on the Italian Peninsula and later expanded to conquer parts of Europe, North Africa, and Asia. The Roman Empire became a dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and a leading cultural, political, and religious center.
During the Middle Ages, Italy was home to numerous city-states and maritime republics, many of which became prosperous through trade, commerce, and banking. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration, and art. Italian explorers also discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, leading to the European Age of Discovery. However, Italy's political and territorial divisions, along with invasions by other European powers, led to a period of political fragmentation. In 1861, Italy was almost entirely unified and established the Kingdom of Italy.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Italy underwent rapid industrialization and acquired a colonial empire. However, the south of the country remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialization, leading to a large and influential diaspora. In the 20th century, Italy experienced a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, which led to the rise of the Italian fascist dictatorship. After World War II, Italy became a democratic unitary parliamentary republic and experienced an economic boom, becoming a highly developed country. Today, Italy has an advanced economy, being the tenth-largest nominal GDP in the world and the eighth-largest economy in the world by PPP. It is also a member of the G8, a group of the world's most industrialized countries. Italy is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its art, cuisine, music, and architecture, and is home to many famous landmarks, such as the Colosseum, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, and the Trevi Fountain.
|Country codes||IT, ITA (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Italian Republic|
|Religion||84.4% Christianity, 11.6% No religion, 1.0% Islam, 3.0% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||206 per Km2 (532 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||69.5 % of the population is urban (42,006,701 people in 2020)|
|Median age||47.3 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 294,140 Km2 (113,568 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Monte Bianco (4 810 m, 15 781 ft)|
|Lowest point||Jolanda di Savoia (-3 m, -10 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 35,657 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.it (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Italy Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Italy
|26||Acilia-Castel Fusano-Ostia Antica||129,362|
|47||Torre del Greco||85,897|
|53||Giugliano in Campania||80,269|
|55||Lido di Ostia||79,400|
|64||Sesto San Giovanni||76,509|