France's national flag is a tricolor with three vertical stripes of blue, white, and red. It is also known as the Tricolor and is one of history's most influential flags. With the exception of a brief period in 1848, the flag design was adopted following the French Revolution and has remained constant since then.
The flag is based on the cockade, a ribbon or emblem worn by the Paris militia during the French Revolution that was made up of the city's traditional colors, blue and red. White was added to the cockade to create a tricolor, which became France's national cockade.
In 1790, the tricolor was adopted as France's national flag, with the red band closest to the flagpole and the blue band furthest away. In 1794, Jacques-Louis David's improved design was approved. With the exception of a few days in 1848, the flag has been in use since the Bourbon Restoration in 1815.
The state employs two variants of the flag: the original, which has a darker shade of blue, and a version with a lighter shade of blue. France has used the older form of the flag by default since 2020.
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France is a country located in Western Europe. It is the largest country in the European Union by land area, and it is the third most populous country in the European Union, with a population of approximately 67 million people. The capital of France is Paris, which is known for its iconic landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre Museum.
France has a long and rich history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the Neolithic period. The country has been an important cultural and intellectual center for centuries, and it has played a significant role in shaping the modern world. During the Renaissance, France was home to many influential writers, philosophers, and artists, and it was at the forefront of the Enlightenment movement.
France is a parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The French political system is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law, and the country has a strong tradition of civil liberties and human rights.
France is known for its diverse and varied landscape, which includes mountain ranges, forests, and coastal regions. The country is home to a number of World Heritage Sites, including the Palace of Versailles and the Mont-Saint-Michel.
France is also known for its cuisine, which is considered some of the finest in the world. French cuisine is known for its emphasis on fresh ingredients and traditional techniques, and it has had a significant influence on the culinary traditions of other countries.
In addition to its cultural and historical significance, France is also an important economic and political player on the global stage. It is a member of the European Union and the United Nations, and it is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
|Country codes||FR, FRA (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||French Republic|
|Religion||51.1% Christianity, 39.6% No religion, 5.6% Islam, 0.8% Judaism, 2.5% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (Central European Time) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||119 per Km2 (309 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||81.5 % of the population is urban (53,217,966 people in 2020)|
|Median age||42.3 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 547,557 Km2 (211,413 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mont Blanc (4 810 m, 15 781 ft)|
|Lowest point||Étang de Lavalduc (-10 m, -33 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 43,659 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.fr (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||France Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in France