Vatican City Flag

Vatican City flag
Vatican City flag

The Vatican City flag is a vertical bicolor with yellow on the hoist and white on the fly. The golden color reflects the Pope's spiritual strength, while white represents the purity and innocence of the Catholic religion.

In the center of the flag, a papal tiara and two keys (silver and gold), symbolic of the keys of Heaven, are put; the keys signify the Pope's spiritual leadership of the Catholic Church, while the tiara reflects his earthly power as head of state of Vatican City.

On June 7, 1929, Pope Pius XI signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, which established the Vatican City State as an autonomous state ruled by the Holy See. The flag of Vatican City is identical to the flag of the older Papal States that existed until 1870, but with the addition of the papal tiara and keys.

Vatican City flag downloads

Country information

Vatican City is a small, independent city-state located within the city of Rome, Italy. It is the smallest country in the world by both area and population, and is the spiritual and administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church.

Vatican City was established as a sovereign state in 1929, with the signing of the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See (the central governing body of the Roman Catholic Church) and the Italian government. The Holy See had previously been a sovereign entity since the 8th century, but its temporal power (the power to govern a territory) had been lost over time. The Lateran Treaty recognized the Holy See as a sovereign state, and established Vatican City as its territory.

Vatican City is a theocracy, with the Pope serving as the head of state and head of government. The Pope is elected by the College of Cardinals, and is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church worldwide. Vatican City is home to the Vatican Library, the Vatican Museums, and other important cultural and historical sites. It is also the seat of the Roman Curia, the central administrative body of the Roman Catholic Church.

Vatican City is a popular tourist destination, and is known for its beautiful architecture, art, and cultural history. The official language of Vatican City is Italian, and the population is primarily made up of Roman Catholics.

Independent Yes
Country codes VA, VAT (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Vatican City State
Official languages Latin
Religion /
Capital city Vatican City
Continent Europe
Time zone UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)
Member of /
Population 453 (2019)
Population density 3/
Urban Population /
Migrants (net) /
Median age /
Total area The total land area is 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Highest point Vatican Hill (75 m, 246 ft)
Lowest point Saint Peter's Square (33 m, 108 ft)
GDP per capita $ / (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Euro (€, EUR)
Calling code +3906698, +379
Internet TLD .va (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Vatican City Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Vatican City

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