Kuwait's flag is a blend of green, white, and black. It was officially hoisted on November 24, 1961, after being adopted on September 7, 1961. The flag features a white band on the left and a green band on the right, with a black trapezoid projecting from the flagpole. The green color depicts Kuwait's fertile land and wealth, the white band represents peace, and the black trapezoid represents their enemy's defeat.
Prior to 1961, Kuwait's flag was red and white, as were the flags of other Persian Gulf governments at the time, with the field red and phrases or charges printed in white. Throughout history, the flag has gone through various different designs and alterations. When the Utub arrived in Kuwait, the Kuwaiti ships flew a banner similar to the modern Bahrain flag, known as the Sulaimi flag.
The Ottoman flag, red with a white crescent and star, was used in Kuwait under Ottoman control. After the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899, the country became a British protectorate, and this flag was kept. Lord Curzon visited Kuwait in 1903, when Sheikh Mubarak Al-Sabah erected a red flag with the inscription ” ” (We trust in God) in Arabic writing. This flag was used until the First World War, when Kuwait and the enemy Ottomans both used the same flag, resulting in friendly-fire incidents with the British.
As a result, Kuwait adopted a new flag, red with (Kuwait) written in Arabic. This flag was used until 1921, when Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah added the Shahada to it, and again in 1940, when he added a stylized falcons claw. These flags were also portrayed on Kuwait's Emblems. The red flag served as Kuwait's national flag until the current one was adopted in September 1961.
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Kuwait, officially the State of Kuwait, is a country in Western Asia. It is situated in the northeastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia, in the northwest of the Arabian Gulf, and is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north and west, and Iran to the east. Kuwait is a small, petroleum-rich country situated along the Persian Gulf. It is the second richest country in the Arab world, after the United Arab Emirates. Kuwait is the third wealthiest country in the world, as measured by gross national product per capita. It has the fifth largest proven oil reserves in the world, and petroleum products account for nearly 95% of its revenue.
Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The Emir is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Kuwait National Assembly is the country's legislative body, and has the power to remove the Prime Minister or any other government officials from power. Kuwait is a major non-NATO ally of the United States, and has close military relations with it. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Kuwait has a diverse population, with expats comprising around 70% of the country's total population. It has a relatively high Human Development Index for the Middle East and North Africa region, and was ranked the 4th freest economy in the world in 2020 by the Index of Economic Freedom. Kuwait is a major player in the global petroleum industry, and has a high-income economy. It is a member of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and is a major recipient of foreign aid.
|Country codes||KW, KWT (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||State of Kuwait|
|Religion||74.6% Islam, 18.2% Christianity, 7.2% Others|
|Capital city||Kuwait City|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (AST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Gulf Cooperation Council|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries|
|Population density||240 per Km2 (621 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||100% of the population is urban (4,270,571 people in 2020)|
|Median age||36.8 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 17,820 Km2 (6,880 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mutla Ridge (306 m, 1 004 ft)|
|Lowest point||Persian Gulf|
|GDP per capita||$ 24,300 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Kuwaiti dinar (د.ك, KWD)|
|Internet TLD||.kw (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Kuwait Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Kuwait
|4||Sabah as Salim||139,163|
|16||Janub as Surrah||18,496|