Iraq Flag

Iraq flag
Iraq flag

Iraq's national flag is a horizontal tricolor with red, white, and black stripes. The flag's colors are derived from the Arab Liberation Flag and reflect pan-Arab colors. The phrase “God is the greatest” is written in green Kufic calligraphy in the center of the flag.

The flag was officially established on July 31, 1963, but it has seen various changes since then, including the insertion of three green stars in 1963 and the replacement of those stars in 2008 with the words “God is the greatest” in green. The flag is used in Kurdistan, an autonomous territory with its own local administration and parliament, as well as its own flag, known as the flag of Kurdistan, which was adopted in 1992.

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Country information

Iraq is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, the Persian Gulf and Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. The capital and largest city of Iraq is Baghdad. The country has a diverse population, including Iraqi Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Yazidis, Mandaeans, Persians, and Shabakis. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish, and other languages recognized in specific regions include Neo-Aramaic, Turkish, and Armenian.

Iraq has a rich history dating back to the 6th millennium BC, when the fertile alluvial plains between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, known as Mesopotamia, gave rise to some of the world's earliest cities, civilizations, and empires. The region was a “Cradle of Civilization” that saw the independent development of a writing system, mathematics, timekeeping, a calendar, astrology, and a law code. In the 7th century AD, the region was conquered by Arab Muslims, and Baghdad became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. During the Islamic Golden Age, the city evolved into a significant cultural and intellectual center, with a reputation for its academic institutions, including the House of Wisdom.

The modern history of Iraq began in 1920, when the British Mandate for Mesopotamia was created under the authority of the League of Nations. In 1921, a British-backed kingdom was established in Iraq under Faisal I. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic was created. From 1968 to 2003, Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party. In 1980, Iraq invaded Iran, leading to a war that lasted almost eight years and ended in a stalemate with significant losses for both countries. In 2003, the US and its allies invaded Iraq and removed the Ba'ath Party from power. In 2005, multi-party parliamentary elections were held in the country.

Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic, with the president serving as the head of state and the prime minister serving as the head of government. The country has two deliberative bodies, the Council of Representatives and the Council of Union, and an independent judiciary. Iraq is considered an emerging middle power and is a founding member of the United Nations, the OPEC, the Arab League, the OIC, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the IMF. Since 2005, Iraq has experienced economic and military growth, international investment, and a decline in domestic attacks. However, political instability and the inability of parliament to form a working government have been accompanied by violence against government institutions.

Independent Yes
Country codes IQ, IRQ (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Iraq
Official languages Arabic and Kurdish
Religion 95% Shia Islam, 5% Christianity
Capital city Baghdad
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+3 (AST)
Member of United Nations
Arab League
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Population 42,523,468 (2023)
Population density 93 per Km2 (240 people per mi2)
Urban Population 73.1 % of the population is urban (29,422,695 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 7,834
Median age 21.0 years
Total area The total land area is 434,320 Km2 (167,692 sq. miles)
Highest point Cheekha Dar (3 611 m, 11 847 ft)
Lowest point Persian Gulf
GDP per capita $ 4,775 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Iraqi dinar (ع.د, IQD)
Calling code +964
Internet TLD .iq (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Iraq Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Iraq

1 Baghdad 7,216,000
2 Basrah 2,600,000
3 Al Mawsil al Jadidah 2,065,597
4 Al Basrah al Qadimah 2,015,483
5 Mosul 1,739,800
6 Erbil 932,800
7 Abu Ghurayb 900,000
8 As Sulaymaniyah 723,170
9 Kirkuk 601,433
10 Najaf 482,576
11 Karbala 434,450
12 Nasiriyah 400,249
13 Al ‘Amarah 323,302
14 Ad Diwaniyah 318,801
15 Al Kut 315,162
16 Al Hillah 289,709
17 Dihok 284,000
18 Ramadi 274,539
19 Al Fallujah 190,159
20 Samarra' 158,508
21 As Samawah 152,890
22 Baqubah 152,550
23 Sinah 128,776
24 Az Zubayr 122,676
25 Kufa 110,000
26 Umm Qasr 107,620
27 Al Faw 104,569
28 Zaxo 95,052
29 Al Harithah 92,395
30 Ash Shatrah 82,732
31 Al Hayy 78,272
32 Jamjamal 75,634
33 Khalis 70,046
34 Tozkhurmato 59,886
35 Ash Shamiyah 57,661
36 Al Hindiyah 57,490
37 Halabjah 57,333
38 Al Miqdadiyah 50,698
39 Al-Hamdaniya 50,000
40 Ar Rumaythah 47,248
41 Koysinceq 44,987
42 Al ‘Aziziyah 44,751
43 Al Musayyib 42,901
44 Tikrit 42,477
45 As Suwayrah 42,354
46 Balad 42,088
47 Sinjar 38,294
48 Imam Qasim 36,992
49 Bayji 36,454
50 Hit 31,901
51 Hadithah 30,925
52 Nahiyat Ghammas 30,909
53 Nahiyat Saddat al Hindiyah 30,622
54 Kifri 30,143
55 Mandali 29,785
56 Baynjiwayn 27,116
57 ‘Anah 27,000
58 Ad Dujayl 26,362
59 Batufe 26,000
60 Tallkayf 23,524
61 Al Mishkhab 23,189
62 ‘Aqrah 23,000
63 Ruwandiz 22,943
64 Nahiyat ash Shinafiyah 22,643
65 Ar Rutbah 22,370
66 ‘Afak 21,888
67 Nahiyat al Fuhud 21,551
68 ‘Anat al Qadimah 19,719
69 ‘Ali al Gharbi 19,711
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