Greece's national flag is a blue and white horizontal bicolor with nine equal blue stripes alternating with white. It has a blue canton with a white cross in the upper hoist-side corner, which represents Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The standard flag ratio is 2:3.
On January 13, 1822, the First National Assembly in Epidaurus formally accepted the flag. The color of the flag has changed over time, ranging from light blue to dark blue, with the latter being more popular since the late 1960s.
The flag's nine stripes have no official meaning, although one popular belief is that they symbolize the syllables of the phrase “Freedom or Death” ( o), with the five blue stripes representing “Freedom” () and the four white stripes signifying “Death” (). Another hypothesis holds that the nine stripes represent the Greek characters for “freedom” (). The colors white and blue represent the Greek sky and sea, respectively.
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Greece is a country located in southeastern Europe, on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Albania, North Macedonia, and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The capital of Greece is Athens, which is located in the eastern part of the country and is the largest city.
Greece has a population of approximately 10.7 million people, and the official language is Greek. The country has a rich and ancient history, with evidence of human habitation dating back more than 11,000 years. The main religions in Greece are Christianity and Islam.
Greece has a varied climate, with cold winters and hot summers in the low-lying areas, and colder temperatures and high precipitation in the mountain regions. The country is home to a number of national parks and protected areas, which are home to a wide range of plant and animal species, including bears, wolves, and lynx.
The economy of Greece is primarily based on tourism, with the country attracting millions of visitors each year. The country is also an important producer of agricultural products, including olives, grapes, and wheat. The manufacturing sector is also an important contributor to the economy, with the country producing a wide range of products, including textiles, clothing, and electronic goods.
|Country codes||GR, GRC (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Hellenic Republic|
|Religion||93% Christianity, 4% No religion, 2% Islam, 1% Others|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST) • Summer (DST) • UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||81 per Km2 (209 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||84.9 % of the population is urban (8,850,409 people in 2020)|
|Median age||45.6 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 128,900 Km2 (49,769 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Olympus (2 919 m, 9 577 ft)|
|Lowest point||Mediterranean Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ 20,192 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.gr (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Greece Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Greece