The white color of the Bulgarian flag represents peace and purity, while the green symbolizes the country's natural beauty and abundance. The red represents the bloodshed and sacrifice of the Bulgarian people in their struggles for independence and liberation.
The current design of the Bulgarian flag has its roots in the country's history. During the Russo-Turkish War, Bulgaria gained de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire and began using a red-yellow-green tricolor flag. This design was later modified in 1885 to the current white-green-red color scheme, which was officially adopted as the national flag in the Constituent Assembly of 1879.
Over the years, the flag of Bulgaria has undergone several changes. During the communist period, the state emblem was added to the flag. After the fall of communism in 1989, the old design was restored and the state emblem was removed.
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Bulgaria is a country located in Southeast Europe, bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Kosovo to the west, North Macedonia to the southwest, and Greece and Turkey to the south. It has a total land area of about 42,000 square miles, and is home to a diverse population with a variety of different ethnic and cultural groups. Bulgaria has a rich history and culture, with a unique blend of Slavic, Eastern European, and Ottoman influences.
The history of Bulgaria dates back to ancient times, and the country has been inhabited by a variety of different cultures over the centuries. In the 19th century, Bulgaria gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire, and today it is a parliamentary democracy with a president and parliament.
Bulgaria is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from the Black Sea coast in the east to the Rhodope Mountains in the west. The country is home to a number of protected areas, including the Pirin National Park, which is home to a variety of plant and animal species, and the Rila Monastery, which is home to a number of historic ruins and landmarks.
The culture of Bulgaria is a blend of Slavic, Eastern European, and Ottoman influences, with the official language of the country being Bulgarian. The majority of the population is Orthodox Christian, but there are also significant Muslim and Catholic communities. Bulgaria is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its music, dance, literature, and art.
|Country codes||BG, BGR (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Bulgaria|
|Religion||64.7% Christianity, 15.9% Unaffiliated, 9.8% Islam, 0.1% Others, 9.5% Unanswered|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||64 per Km2 (166 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||75.6 % of the population is urban (5,253,037 people in 2020)|
|Median age||44.6 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 108,560 Km2 (41,915 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Musala (2 925 m, 9 596 ft)|
|Lowest point||Black Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ 12,221 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Bulgarian lev (лв, BGN)|
|Internet TLD||.bg (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Bulgaria Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Bulgaria