Bulgaria Flag

Bulgaria flag
Bulgaria flag

The white color of the Bulgarian flag represents peace and purity, while the green symbolizes the country's natural beauty and abundance. The red represents the bloodshed and sacrifice of the Bulgarian people in their struggles for independence and liberation.

The current design of the Bulgarian flag has its roots in the country's history. During the Russo-Turkish War, Bulgaria gained de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire and began using a red-yellow-green tricolor flag. This design was later modified in 1885 to the current white-green-red color scheme, which was officially adopted as the national flag in the Constituent Assembly of 1879.

Over the years, the flag of Bulgaria has undergone several changes. During the communist period, the state emblem was added to the flag. After the fall of communism in 1989, the old design was restored and the state emblem was removed.

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Country information

Bulgaria is a country located in Southeast Europe, bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Kosovo to the west, North Macedonia to the southwest, and Greece and Turkey to the south. It has a total land area of about 42,000 square miles, and is home to a diverse population with a variety of different ethnic and cultural groups. Bulgaria has a rich history and culture, with a unique blend of Slavic, Eastern European, and Ottoman influences.

The history of Bulgaria dates back to ancient times, and the country has been inhabited by a variety of different cultures over the centuries. In the 19th century, Bulgaria gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire, and today it is a parliamentary democracy with a president and parliament.

Bulgaria is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from the Black Sea coast in the east to the Rhodope Mountains in the west. The country is home to a number of protected areas, including the Pirin National Park, which is home to a variety of plant and animal species, and the Rila Monastery, which is home to a number of historic ruins and landmarks.

The culture of Bulgaria is a blend of Slavic, Eastern European, and Ottoman influences, with the official language of the country being Bulgarian. The majority of the population is Orthodox Christian, but there are also significant Muslim and Catholic communities. Bulgaria is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its music, dance, literature, and art.

Independent Yes
Country codes BG, BGR (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Bulgaria
Official languages Bulgarian
Religion 64.7% Christianity, 15.9% Unaffiliated, 9.8% Islam, 0.1% Others, 9.5% Unanswered
Capital city Sofia
Continent Europe
Time zone UTC+2 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3 (EEST)
Member of United Nations
European Union
Population 6,817,667 (2023)
Population density 64 per Km2 (166 people per mi2)
Urban Population 75.6 % of the population is urban (5,253,037 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -4,800
Median age 44.6 years
Total area The total land area is 108,560 Km2 (41,915 sq. miles)
Highest point Musala (2 925 m, 9 596 ft)
Lowest point Black Sea
GDP per capita $ 12,221 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Bulgarian lev (лв, BGN)
Calling code +359
Internet TLD .bg (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Bulgaria Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Bulgaria

1 Sofia 1,152,556
2 Plovdiv 340,494
3 Varna 312,770
4 Burgas 195,966
5 Ruse 156,238
6 Stara Zagora 143,431
7 Pleven 118,675
8 Sliven 96,368
9 Dobrich 94,831
10 Shumen 87,283
11 Pernik 82,467
12 Yambol 80,116
13 Haskovo 79,699
14 Pazardzhik 75,977
15 Blagoevgrad 71,306
16 Veliko Turnovo 66,217
17 Gabrovo 66,175
18 Vratsa 64,941
19 Kazanlak 55,196
20 Vidin 54,409
21 Asenovgrad 52,170
22 Kardzhali 51,000
23 Kyustendil 48,286
24 Montana 47,445
25 Dimitrovgrad 43,288
26 Lovech 42,211
27 Silistra 39,715
28 Razgrad 38,285
29 Targovishte 37,774
30 Dupnitsa 34,764
31 Gorna Oryahovitsa 32,792
32 Svishtov 32,256
33 Smolyan 32,069
34 Petrich 30,308
35 Samokov 26,765
36 Lom 26,594
37 Sandanski 26,459
38 Sevlievo 24,582
39 Nova Zagora 24,340
40 Velingrad 24,036
41 Cherven Bryag 21,688
42 Troyan 21,162
43 Aytos 20,986
44 Botevgrad 20,909
45 Gotse Delchev 20,471
46 Karlovo 19,958
47 Karnobat 19,709
48 Panagyurishte 19,389
49 Svilengrad 19,279
50 Harmanli 18,931
51 Peshtera 18,676
52 Chirpan 17,243
53 Parvomay 17,000
54 Popovo 16,571
55 Rakovski 15,782
56 Berkovitsa 15,027
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