North Macedonia Flag

North Macedonia flag
North Macedonia flag

The Republic of North Macedonia's national flag depicts a stylised yellow sun with eight expanding rays on a red field. Miroslav Grev created it, and it was officially adopted on October 5, 1995. The eight-rayed sun symbolizes the “new sun of Liberty” stated in the country's national hymn, “Denes nad Makedonija”.

The flag was designed after a previous design, known as the Kutlesh flag and adopted in 1992, was updated. The initial design incorporated the Vergina Sun, an ancient symbol unearthed at Aigai, the first capital and burial ground of the kings of Macedon, which Greece considered a Greek symbol and hence objected to the flag bearing this symbol. In response, the government changed it with the current design in order to avoid Greece imposing a year-long economic boycott.

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Country information

North Macedonia, officially known as the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country located in Southeast Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. North Macedonia is a small, landlocked country with a diverse landscape ranging from mountains and lakes to valleys and plains.

The history of North Macedonia dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 4000 BC. The country has a rich cultural heritage, with a mix of Slavic, Byzantine, and Ottoman influences. North Macedonia gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, and became a member of the European Union and NATO in 2020.

Today, North Macedonia is a lower-middle-income country with a developing economy. The country is known for its production of agricultural products such as tobacco, fruits, and vegetables, as well as its growing tourism industry. North Macedonia has a temperate climate, with cold winters and hot summers. The official language of North Macedonia is Macedonian, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.

Independent Yes
Country codes MK, MKD (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of North Macedonia
Official languages Macedonian
Religion 60.4% Christianity, 32.2% Islam, 0.5% No religion, 0.2% Other, 7.2% Ex officio included in the census
Capital city Skopje
Continent Europe
Time zone UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)
Member of United Nations
Population 2,083,154 (2023)
Population density 83 per Km2 (214 people per mi2)
Urban Population 58.6 % of the population is urban (1,221,133 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -1,000
Median age 39.1 years
Total area The total land area is 25,220 Km2 (9,737 sq. miles)
Highest point Golem Korab (2 764 m, 9 068 ft)
Lowest point Vardar (50 m, 164 ft)
GDP per capita $ 6,694 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Macedonian denar (den, MKD)
Calling code +389
Internet TLD .mk (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page North Macedonia Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in North Macedonia

1 Skopje 474,889
2 Bitola 86,528
3 Kumanovo 76,275
4 Prilep 73,814
5 Tetovo 72,944
6 Cair 64,773
7 Kisela Voda 58,216
8 Veles 57,873
9 Ohrid 54,908
10 Gostivar 50,974
11 Shtip 48,279
12 Strumica 45,508
13 Centar Zupa 45,412
14 Gjorce Petro 41,000
15 Kavadarci 38,799
16 Struga 37,387
17 Butel 36,154
18 Kochani 34,258
19 Kicevo 31,123
20 Lipkovo 28,102
21 Zelino 25,422
22 Saraj 25,379
23 Radovis 24,984
24 Tearce 23,096
25 Kriva Palanka 20,820
26 Suto Orizare 20,800
27 Gevgelija 20,664
28 Negotino 19,515
29 Studenichani 18,219
30 Vinica 18,218
31 Debar 18,074
32 Negotino 17,518
33 Delcevo 17,415
34 Resen 16,539
35 Ilinden 16,406
36 Brvenica 16,267
37 Kamenjane 15,376
38 Bogovinje 15,166
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