Poland's national flag is made up of two horizontal stripes of equal width: one white and one red. Although white and red have been connected with Poland since the Middle Ages and were emphasized on royal banners, they were officially adopted as national colors in 1831.
They derive from the colors of the coats of arms of the two constituent states of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: the White Eagle of Poland and the Pursuer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a white knight riding a white horse, both on a red shield.
For official usage abroad and at sea, a form of the flag with the national coat of arms in the middle of the white stripe is legally reserved. Poland's naval ensign is a similar flag with the addition of a white eagle.
The flag is permanently displayed on the buildings of the highest national authority, including the parliament and the presidential palace. On national holidays and other important events of national significance, various institutions and many Poles raise the national flag.
It is one of five flags that use the 5:8 ratio, the others being Argentina, Guatemala, Palau, and Sweden. Poland's flag is similar to those of Indonesia and Monaco, however they have a red stripe above the white stripe. Furthermore, many flags in Poland that are based on national designs include the national colors.
Poland flag downloads
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Poland is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Russia and Lithuania to the north. It is a large and populous country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Poland is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to lakes and coastlines.
The history of Poland dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 1000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Slavic, German, and other influences. Poland gained independence from the Russian Empire in 1918, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.
Today, Poland is a high-income country with a strong and diversified economy. The country is known for its production of agricultural products such as wheat, potatoes, and apples, as well as for its growing manufacturing and service sectors. Poland has a temperate climate, with cold winters and warm summers. The official language of Poland is Polish, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.
|Country codes||PL, POL (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Poland|
|Religion||88.7% Christianity, 2.4% No religion, 0.2% Other, 8.7% Unanswered|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||124 per Km2 (320 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||60.2 % of the population is urban (22,781,639 people in 2020)|
|Median age||41.7 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 306,230 Km2 (118,236 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Northwestern peak of Rysy (2 499 m, 8 199 ft)|
|Lowest point||Żuławy Wiślane (-2 m, -7 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 17,999 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Polish złoty (zł, PLN)|
|Internet TLD||.pl (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Poland Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Poland