The Russian national flag, also known as the Russian Federation's State Flag, is a tricolor flag with three horizontal fields: white on top, blue in the middle, and red on the bottom. In 1696, the flag was initially used as an ensign for Russian commerce ships.
It was used until 1858, when Alexander II established the first official flag of the Russian Empire, a tricolor consisting of black on top, yellow in the middle, and white on the bottom. However, until the Russian Revolution of 1917, the white, blue, and red tricolor was reinstalled as the official flag of the Russian Empire in 1896.
The Russian tricolor was abolished upon the establishment of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic during the Bolshevik Revolution, but its use was continued by the White Movement and the Russian state during the Russian Civil War. During the Soviet Union's existence, the red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and a golden bordered red star on top was used, while the Russian SFSR (a constituent republic of the USSR) used a variation with a vertical blue bar at the hoist.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian SFSR adopted a new flag design that was similar to the pre-revolutionary tricolor, with white on top, blue in the middle, and red on the bottom. The traditional Russian tricolor was restored as the current national flag in 1993.
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Russia is a country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, bordered by Norway, Finland, and Estonia to the northwest, Latvia and Belarus to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the southwest, Georgia and Azerbaijan to the south, and Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, and Mongolia to the east. It is the largest country in the world by land area, and is home to a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Russia is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to deserts and tundra.
The history of Russia dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 20,000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Slavic, Mongol, and other influences. Russia gained independence from the Mongol Empire in the 14th century, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.
Today, Russia is a high-income country with a strong and diversified economy. The country is known for its production of oil, natural gas, and agricultural products such as wheat and potatoes, as well as for its growing manufacturing and service sectors. Russia has a varied climate, with cold winters and warm summers in the south, and cold and dry weather in the north. The official language of Russia is Russian, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.
|Country codes||RU, RUS (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Russian Federation|
|Religion||47.4% Christianity, 38.2% No religion, 6.5% Islam, 2.4% Others, 5.5% Unanswered|
|Continent||Asia and Europe|
|Time zone||UTC+2 to +12|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Collective Security Treaty Organization|
|Eurasian Economic Union|
|Commonwealth of Independent States|
|Population density||9 per Km2 (23 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||73.7 % of the population is urban (107,486,269 people in 2020)|
|Median age||39.6 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 16,376,870 Km2 (6,323,142 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Elbrus (5 642 m, 18 510 ft)|
|Lowest point||Caspian Sea (-28 m, -92 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 12,194 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Russian ruble (₽, RUB)|
|Calling code||+73XX, +74XX, +75XX, +78XX, +79XX|
|Internet TLD||.ru, .su, .рф (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Russia Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Russia