Lithuania's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of yellow, green, and red. It was originally used on April 25, 1918, during Lithuania's first period of independence, which lasted from 1918 to 1940 and was interrupted by Soviet and Nazi occupations. During the Soviet occupation, from 1945 to 1989, the Lithuanian flag was substituted with a red Soviet flag with the name of the republic, then with a red flag with white and green bands at the bottom.
The flag was re-adopted on March 20, 1989, over a year before Lithuania's re-establishment of independence and nearly three years before the Soviet Union's demise. The current flag design was somewhat altered in 2004, when the aspect ratio was adjusted from 1:2 to 3:5. The colors on the flag have been stated to reflect the nation's wealth, hope for the future, and efforts for freedom, as well as the people of the land and their sacrifices.
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Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. Lithuania is one of the Baltic states, and it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2020, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other being Latvian.
Lithuania has a long and rich history, dating back to the 9th century when it was first mentioned in written sources. It was a powerful medieval kingdom that was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Lithuania underwent several occupations, including by the Russian Empire and Nazi Germany, before gaining independence in 1990. Today, Lithuania is a democratic parliamentary republic, and it is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, and NATO.
Lithuania has a developed economy and a high human development index, and it is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The country has a high-income economy, with a GDP per capita that is one of the highest in the Baltic states. It is also a member of the Schengen Agreement and the eurozone. Lithuania is known for its beautiful natural landscapes, including the Baltic Sea coast, forests, and lakes, as well as its cultural heritage, including castles, churches, and traditional folk music and dance. The country is also home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Hill of Crosses and the Curonian Spit.
|Country codes||LT, LTU (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Lithuania|
|Religion||79.4% Christianity, 6.1% No religion, 0.8% Others, 13.7% No answer|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||43 per Km2 (112 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||71.3 % of the population is urban (1,940,986 people in 2020)|
|Median age||45.1 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 62,674 Km2 (24,199 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Aukštojas Hill (294 m, 965 ft)|
|Lowest point||Nemunas Delta (-5 m, -16 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 23,723 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.lt (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Lithuania Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Lithuania