Jordan's flag is composed of horizontal black, white, and green stripes joined by a red chevron. These are known as the Pan-Arab Colors, and they represent the Abbasid, Umayyad, Fatimid, and Rashidun caliphates, in that order.
The Hashemite dynasty and the Arab Revolt are represented by the red chevron. The flag, which is based on the banner flown during the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916, was officially adopted on April 16, 1928.
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Jordan is a country located in the Middle East, at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the northeast, Syria to the north, and the Palestinian West Bank, Israel, and the Dead Sea to the west. Jordan has a 26 km coastline on the Gulf of Aqaba's Red Sea in the southwest, which separates it from Egypt.
The country has a rich history, having been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. It was home to several stable kingdoms, including Ammon, Moab, and Edom, and was later ruled by empires such as the Assyrian, Babylonian, Roman, Byzantine, Rashidun, Umayyad, Abassid, and Ottoman empires. In the early 20th century, the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire led to the establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan, which became a British protectorate. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, with the king holding wide executive and legislative powers. It has a semi-arid climate and is home to around 10 million people, the majority of whom are Sunni Muslims. There is also a significant Christian minority. Jordan has been referred to as an “oasis of stability” in a volatile region, and has taken in large numbers of refugees from conflicts in neighboring countries, including Palestine and Syria.
The Jordanian economy is small but attractive to foreign investors due to its skilled workforce. It has a high Human Development Index and is considered an upper middle income economy. However, it faces challenges such as a lack of natural resources, a large influx of refugees, and regional turmoil. The country is a major tourist destination and also attracts medical tourism due to its well-developed health sector.
|Country codes||JO, JOR (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan|
|Religion||95% Islam (official), 3% Christianity, 1% Druze, Baháʼí|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||115 per Km2 (298 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||91.5 % of the population is urban (9,332,603 people in 2020)|
|Median age||23.8 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 88,780 Km2 (34,278 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Jabal Umm ad Dami (1 854 m, 6 083 ft)|
|Lowest point||Dead Sea (-428 m, -1 404 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 4,103 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Jordanian dinar (JD, JOD)|
|Internet TLD||.jo, الاردن. (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Jordan Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Jordan
|5||Wadi as Sir||181,212|
|16||Hayy al Quwaysimah||32,396|
|24||Umm as Summaq||18,274|