Jordan Flag

Jordan flag
Jordan flag

Jordan's flag is composed of horizontal black, white, and green stripes joined by a red chevron. These are known as the Pan-Arab Colors, and they represent the Abbasid, Umayyad, Fatimid, and Rashidun caliphates, in that order.

The Hashemite dynasty and the Arab Revolt are represented by the red chevron. The flag, which is based on the banner flown during the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916, was officially adopted on April 16, 1928.

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Country information

Jordan is a country located in the Middle East, at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the northeast, Syria to the north, and the Palestinian West Bank, Israel, and the Dead Sea to the west. Jordan has a 26 km coastline on the Gulf of Aqaba's Red Sea in the southwest, which separates it from Egypt.

The country has a rich history, having been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. It was home to several stable kingdoms, including Ammon, Moab, and Edom, and was later ruled by empires such as the Assyrian, Babylonian, Roman, Byzantine, Rashidun, Umayyad, Abassid, and Ottoman empires. In the early 20th century, the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire led to the establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan, which became a British protectorate. In 1946, Jordan became an independent state known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, with the king holding wide executive and legislative powers. It has a semi-arid climate and is home to around 10 million people, the majority of whom are Sunni Muslims. There is also a significant Christian minority. Jordan has been referred to as an “oasis of stability” in a volatile region, and has taken in large numbers of refugees from conflicts in neighboring countries, including Palestine and Syria.

The Jordanian economy is small but attractive to foreign investors due to its skilled workforce. It has a high Human Development Index and is considered an upper middle income economy. However, it faces challenges such as a lack of natural resources, a large influx of refugees, and regional turmoil. The country is a major tourist destination and also attracts medical tourism due to its well-developed health sector.

Independent Yes
Country codes JO, JOR (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Official languages Arabic
Religion 95% Islam (official), 3% Christianity, 1% Druze, Baháʼí
Capital city Amman
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+3
Member of United Nations
Arab League
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 10,461,743 (2023)
Population density 115 per Km2 (298 people per mi2)
Urban Population 91.5 % of the population is urban (9,332,603 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 10,220
Median age 23.8 years
Total area The total land area is 88,780 Km2 (34,278 sq. miles)
Highest point Jabal Umm ad Dami (1 854 m, 6 083 ft)
Lowest point Dead Sea (-428 m, -1 404 ft)
GDP per capita $ 4,103 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Jordanian dinar (JD, JOD)
Calling code +962
Internet TLD .jo, الاردن. (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Jordan Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Jordan

1 Amman 1,275,857
2 Zarqa 792,665
3 Irbid 307,480
4 Russeifa 268,237
5 Wadi as Sir 181,212
6 ‘Ajlun 125,557
7 Aqaba 95,048
8 Rukban 85,000
9 Madaba 82,335
10 As Salt 80,189
11 Ar Ramtha 74,901
12 Mafraq 57,118
13 Ma'an 50,350
14 Al Jubayhah 46,834
15 Sahab 40,241
16 Hayy al Quwaysimah 32,396
17 Jarash 27,046
18 At Tafilah 25,429
19 `Izra 22,756
20 Qir Moav 22,581
21 Karak City 21,678
22 Judita 20,000
23 Aydun 18,376
24 Umm as Summaq 18,274
25 Kurayyimah 17,837
26 `Anjarah 17,634
27 Safi 15,200
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