The Israeli flag, which was first flown on October 28, 1948, is a blue hexagram on a white background with two horizontal blue stripes. The hexagram represents the Star of David, an ancient Jewish symbol that was approved by the First Zionist Congress in 1897.
The blue color is described as “dark sky-blue,” and its shades range from pure blue to navy and light blue. The flag's official dimensions are 8:11, but other proportions, such as 2:3, can be found. The flag's design was inspired by the Tallit, a white prayer shawl with black or blue stripes. In 1885, an early version of the flag was displayed, and in 1891, a comparable one was produced for the Zionist Movement.
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Israel is a country located in Western Asia, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It shares borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest. The country is also bordered by the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively. The capital and largest city is Jerusalem, although the international community does not recognize Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem.
The land now occupied by Israel has a long history, with some of the earliest human occupations outside of Africa and the earliest known sites of agriculture located within its borders. It has been inhabited by various civilizations, including the Canaanites, the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Ptolemaic, and Seleucid empires, and the Byzantine Empire, Rashidun Caliphate, Umayyad Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, and Fatimid Caliphate. In the 19th century, the Zionist movement began promoting the creation of a Jewish homeland in Ottoman Syria.
After World War I, the League of Nations granted Britain control of the region, known as Mandatory Palestine. Following World War II, the United Nations adopted the Partition Plan for Palestine, which recommended the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states, and an internationalized Jerusalem. This plan was accepted by the Jewish leadership but rejected by Palestinian Arab leaders and the Arab states. In 1948, Israel declared independence at the end of the British Mandate, leading to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Israel gained control of much of the former mandate territory, while the West Bank and Gaza were held by Jordan and Egypt, respectively.
Since its founding, Israel has been involved in several wars with Arab countries and has occupied the Golan Heights, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. The country has effectively annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, though these actions have been rejected as illegal by the international community. It has also established settlements within the occupied territories, which are also considered illegal under international law. Despite ongoing conflicts, Israel has developed into a technologically advanced and economically prosperous country, with a diverse and vibrant culture. It is a member of the United Nations and various other international organizations, including the OECD, World Trade Organization, and Council of Europe.
|Country codes||IL, ISR (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||State of Israel|
|Religion||73.6% Judaism, 18.1% Islam, 1.9% Christianity, 1.6% Druze, 4.8% others|
|Time zone||UTC+2:00 (IST) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3:00 (IDT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||400 per Km2 (1,036 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||93.2 % of the population is urban (8,067,603 people in 2020)|
|Median age||30.5 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 21,640 Km2 (8,355 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Meron (1 208 m, 3 963 ft)|
|Lowest point||Dead Sea (-428 m, -1 404 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 52,170 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Israeli new shekel (₪, ILS)|
|Internet TLD||.il (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Israel Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Israel
|17||Modi'in Makkabbim Re'ut||88,749|
|36||Umm el Fahm||41,030|
|53||Daliyat al Karmel||25,000|