Israel Flag

Israel flag
Israel flag

The Israeli flag, which was first flown on October 28, 1948, is a blue hexagram on a white background with two horizontal blue stripes. The hexagram represents the Star of David, an ancient Jewish symbol that was approved by the First Zionist Congress in 1897.

The blue color is described as “dark sky-blue,” and its shades range from pure blue to navy and light blue. The flag's official dimensions are 8:11, but other proportions, such as 2:3, can be found. The flag's design was inspired by the Tallit, a white prayer shawl with black or blue stripes. In 1885, an early version of the flag was displayed, and in 1891, a comparable one was produced for the Zionist Movement.

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Country information

Israel is a country located in Western Asia, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It shares borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest. The country is also bordered by the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively. The capital and largest city is Jerusalem, although the international community does not recognize Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem.

The land now occupied by Israel has a long history, with some of the earliest human occupations outside of Africa and the earliest known sites of agriculture located within its borders. It has been inhabited by various civilizations, including the Canaanites, the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Ptolemaic, and Seleucid empires, and the Byzantine Empire, Rashidun Caliphate, Umayyad Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, and Fatimid Caliphate. In the 19th century, the Zionist movement began promoting the creation of a Jewish homeland in Ottoman Syria.

After World War I, the League of Nations granted Britain control of the region, known as Mandatory Palestine. Following World War II, the United Nations adopted the Partition Plan for Palestine, which recommended the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states, and an internationalized Jerusalem. This plan was accepted by the Jewish leadership but rejected by Palestinian Arab leaders and the Arab states. In 1948, Israel declared independence at the end of the British Mandate, leading to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Israel gained control of much of the former mandate territory, while the West Bank and Gaza were held by Jordan and Egypt, respectively.

Since its founding, Israel has been involved in several wars with Arab countries and has occupied the Golan Heights, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. The country has effectively annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, though these actions have been rejected as illegal by the international community. It has also established settlements within the occupied territories, which are also considered illegal under international law. Despite ongoing conflicts, Israel has developed into a technologically advanced and economically prosperous country, with a diverse and vibrant culture. It is a member of the United Nations and various other international organizations, including the OECD, World Trade Organization, and Council of Europe.

Independent Yes
Country codes IL, ISR (ISO 3166-1)
Official name State of Israel
Official languages Hebrew
Religion 73.6% Judaism, 18.1% Islam, 1.9% Christianity, 1.6% Druze, 4.8% others
Capital city Jerusalem
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+2:00 (IST) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3:00 (IDT)
Member of United Nations
Population 9,000,499 (2023)
Population density 400 per Km2 (1,036 people per mi2)
Urban Population 93.2 % of the population is urban (8,067,603 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 10,000
Median age 30.5 years
Total area The total land area is 21,640 Km2 (8,355 sq. miles)
Highest point Mount Meron (1 208 m, 3 963 ft)
Lowest point Dead Sea (-428 m, -1 404 ft)
GDP per capita $ 52,170 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Israeli new shekel (₪, ILS)
Calling code +972
Internet TLD .il (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Israel Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Israel

1 Jerusalem 801,000
2 Tel Aviv 432,892
3 West Jerusalem 400,000
4 Haifa 267,300
5 Ashdod 224,656
6 Rishon LeZiyyon 220,492
7 Petah Tiqwa 200,000
8 Beersheba 186,600
9 Netanya 171,676
10 Holon 165,787
11 Bnei Brak 154,400
12 Rehovot 132,671
13 Bat Yam 128,979
14 Ramat Gan 128,095
15 Ashkelon 105,995
16 Jaffa 100,000
17 Modi'in Makkabbim Re'ut 88,749
18 Herzliya 83,600
19 Kfar Saba 80,773
20 Ra'anana 80,000
21 Hadera 75,854
22 Bet Shemesh 67,100
23 Lod 66,589
24 Nazareth 64,800
25 Modiin Ilit 64,179
26 Ramla 63,860
27 Nahariyya 51,200
28 Qiryat Ata 48,966
29 Givatayim 48,000
30 Qiryat Gat 47,450
31 Acre 45,603
32 Eilat 45,588
33 Afula 44,930
34 Karmi'el 44,382
35 Hod HaSharon 43,185
36 Umm el Fahm 41,030
37 Tiberias 39,790
38 Qiryat Mozqin 39,404
39 Qiryat Yam 39,273
40 Rosh Ha'Ayin 39,215
41 Ness Ziona 38,700
42 Qiryat Bialik 36,551
43 Ramat HaSharon 36,137
44 Dimona 33,558
45 Et Taiyiba 32,978
46 Yavne 31,774
47 Or Yehuda 30,802
48 Yehud-Monosson 29,312
49 Safed 27,816
50 Gedera 26,217
51 Tamra 25,917
52 Yehud 25,600
53 Daliyat al Karmel 25,000
54 Migdal Ha`Emeq 24,800
55 Sakhnin 24,596
56 Netivot 24,564
57 Mevasseret Ziyyon 24,409
58 Ofaqim 24,311
59 Arad 23,700
60 Gan Yavne 22,453
61 Qiryat Shemona 22,035
62 Kefar Yona 21,611
63 maalot Tarshiha 21,400
64 Nesher 21,245
65 Tirah 20,786
66 Shoham 20,740
67 Sederot 20,228
68 Rahat 19,586
69 Tirat Karmel 18,993
70 Maghar 18,915
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