Mauritania Flag

Mauritania flag
Mauritania flag

The Mauritania national flag has a green field with a gold star and crescent in the center and two red stripes at the top and bottom. President Moktar Ould Daddah introduced the first version of the flag in 1959, and it was officially adopted on April 1st of that year.

President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz launched a referendum in August 2017 to replace the national flag, dissolve the Senate, and make other constitutional changes. The referendum was successful, and a new flag was adopted, with two red horizontal stripes representing the people of Mauritania's efforts and sacrifices in defending their territory. The new flag was raised for the first time on November 28th, 2017, the 57th anniversary of Mauritania's independence from France.

It is worth noting that Mauritania's flag is one of two currently Arabic-speaking countries' flags that incorporate yellow in their design, the other being Egypt. The central emblems of both flags, the crescent in Mauritania's flag and the Eagle of Saladin in Egypt's flag, are the same hue.

Mauritania flag downloads

Country information

Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa. It is the eleventh largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Western Sahara to the northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest. The country derives its name from the ancient Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria.

Mauritania is a presidential representative democratic republic. It is the only Arab country in Africa. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one third of the country's 4 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.

Despite being classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank, Mauritania remains one of the poorest countries in the world, due in part to its dependence on primary commodities. Its major industries are mining, fishing, and agriculture.

Mauritania has a population of about 4 million people, with almost 90% living in the capital and its environs. The official language is Arabic, and the majority of the population adheres to Islam. French is also widely spoken, especially among the business class. Slavery remains a major issue, as at least 4% of the population are enslaved according to the Global Slavery Index, published in 2013 by the Walk Free Foundation.

Independent Yes
Country codes MR, MRT (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Official languages Arabic
Religion /
Capital city Nouakchott
Continent Africa
Time zone UTC (GMT)
Member of United Nations
African Union
Arab League
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 4,962,958 (2023)
Population density 5 per Km2 (12 people per mi2)
Urban Population 56.9 % of the population is urban (2,646,714 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 5,000
Median age 20.1 years
Total area The total land area is 1,030,700 Km2 (397,955 sq. miles)
Highest point Kediet ej Jill (915 m, 3 002 ft)
Lowest point Sebkha de Ndrhamcha (-5 m, -16 ft)
GDP per capita $ 2,166 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Mauritanian ouguiya (UM, MRU))
Calling code +222
Internet TLD .mr (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Mauritania Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Mauritania

1 Nouakchott 661,400
2 Nouadhibou 72,337
3 Nema 60,000
4 Kaedi 55,374
5 Rosso 48,922
6 Kiffa 40,281
7 Zouerate 38,000
8 Atar 24,021
9 Tekane 22,041
10 Selibaby 18,424
11 Aleg 15,211
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