The Mauritania national flag has a green field with a gold star and crescent in the center and two red stripes at the top and bottom. President Moktar Ould Daddah introduced the first version of the flag in 1959, and it was officially adopted on April 1st of that year.
President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz launched a referendum in August 2017 to replace the national flag, dissolve the Senate, and make other constitutional changes. The referendum was successful, and a new flag was adopted, with two red horizontal stripes representing the people of Mauritania's efforts and sacrifices in defending their territory. The new flag was raised for the first time on November 28th, 2017, the 57th anniversary of Mauritania's independence from France.
It is worth noting that Mauritania's flag is one of two currently Arabic-speaking countries' flags that incorporate yellow in their design, the other being Egypt. The central emblems of both flags, the crescent in Mauritania's flag and the Eagle of Saladin in Egypt's flag, are the same hue.
Mauritania flag downloads
- completely free for commercial and non-commercial use (public domain)
- based on vector file from Wikipedia Commons
- PNG or WebP format (lossless compression)
- Right click on the links (save link as)
|20px||13px||~0.1 KB||~0.1 KB|
|40px||27px||~0.4 KB||~0.1 KB|
|80px||53px||~0.7 KB||~0.1 KB|
|160px||107px||~2.6 KB||~0.6 KB|
|16px||12px||~0.1 KB||~0.1 KB|
|40px||30px||~0.4 KB||~0.1 KB|
|80px||60px||~0.8 KB||~0.1 KB|
|128px||96px||~2.5 KB||~0.6 KB|
Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa. It is the eleventh largest country in Africa, and is bordered by Western Sahara to the northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest. The country derives its name from the ancient Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria.
Mauritania is a presidential representative democratic republic. It is the only Arab country in Africa. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one third of the country's 4 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.
Despite being classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank, Mauritania remains one of the poorest countries in the world, due in part to its dependence on primary commodities. Its major industries are mining, fishing, and agriculture.
Mauritania has a population of about 4 million people, with almost 90% living in the capital and its environs. The official language is Arabic, and the majority of the population adheres to Islam. French is also widely spoken, especially among the business class. Slavery remains a major issue, as at least 4% of the population are enslaved according to the Global Slavery Index, published in 2013 by the Walk Free Foundation.
|Country codes||MR, MRT (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Islamic Republic of Mauritania|
|Time zone||UTC (GMT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||5 per Km2 (12 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||56.9 % of the population is urban (2,646,714 people in 2020)|
|Median age||20.1 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 1,030,700 Km2 (397,955 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Kediet ej Jill (915 m, 3 002 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sebkha de Ndrhamcha (-5 m, -16 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 2,166 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Mauritanian ouguiya (UM, MRU))|
|Internet TLD||.mr (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Mauritania Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Mauritania