Luxembourg Flag

Luxembourg flag
Luxembourg flag

Luxembourg's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of red, white, and light blue. It can have a 1:2 or 3:5 aspect ratio. The flag was used for the first time between 1845 and 1848, but it was not formally adopted until 1993. In Luxembourgish, the flag is known colloquially as “rout, wäiß, blo,” which translates as “red, white, [light] blue.”

Prior to 1830, Luxembourg lacked an official flag. However, the national colors were later shown to demonstrate patriotism. The flag's design, with red, white, and light blue colors, is based on the House of Luxembourg's coat of arms. The flag is nearly identical to the Dutch flag, with the exception that it is taller and the light blue and red stripes are lighter in color.

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Country information

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in Western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice.

Luxembourg has a population of around 600,000 people, making it one of the smallest countries in Europe in terms of population. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has a diverse economy, with a strong focus on finance, banking, and technology. It is also a major transportation hub, with a well-developed network of roads and railways.

The official language of Luxembourg is French, but German and Luxembourgish are also widely spoken. The country has a rich history, with a mix of cultural influences from its neighbors. The Luxembourgish people have a strong sense of national identity and pride in their country's history and culture.

Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy, with the Grand Duke of Luxembourg serving as the head of state. The country's government is a parliamentary democracy, with the Prime Minister serving as the head of government.

Luxembourg is a member of the European Union, the United Nations, and the Benelux economic union, among other international organizations. It is known for its high standard of living, with a strong social welfare system and a high GDP per capita. Luxembourg also has a strong education system, with a high literacy rate and a high proportion of residents with tertiary education.

Independent Yes
Country codes LU, LUX (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Official languages Luxembourgish
Religion 73.2% Christianity, 23.4% No religion, 3.2% Other
Capital city Luxembourg
Continent Europe
Time zone UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)
Member of United Nations
European Union
Population 652,044 (2023)
Population density 242 per Km2 (626 people per mi2)
Urban Population 88.2 % of the population is urban (552,328 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 9,741
Median age 39.7 years
Total area The total land area is 2,590 Km2 (1,000 sq. miles)
Highest point Kneiff (560 m, 1 837 ft)
Lowest point Moselle River (133 m, 436 ft)
GDP per capita $ 133,590 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Euro (€, EUR)
Calling code +352
Internet TLD .lu (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Luxembourg Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Luxembourg

1 Luxembourg 76,684
2 Esch-sur-Alzette 28,228
3 Dudelange 18,013
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