Latvia Flag

Latvia flag
Latvia flag

Latvia's national flag, known as “Latvijas karogs” in Latvian, has a long history reaching back to the 13th century. It was first used by independent Latvia in 1921 and remained in use until 1940, when the country was invaded by the Soviet Union. Its use was prohibited under Soviet control.

The Latvian government re-adopted the classic red-white-red flag on February 27, 1990, soon before regaining independence. The flag is made up of three horizontal red, white, and red stripes.

The color red is considered to represent Latvians' willingness to offer their blood for freedom and to maintain their sovereignty. According to the Rhymed Chronicle of Livonia, another version is that a Latgalian leader was wounded in battle, and the margins of the white sheet in which he was wrapped were stained by his blood, while the middle stripe of the flag remained unstained. The mythology is comparable to the legend of the origins of the Austrian flag.

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Country information

Latvia is a country located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Russia to the east, Belarus to the southeast, and Lithuania to the south. It also shares a maritime border with Sweden to the west. The capital and largest city of Latvia is Riga. The country has a population of around 1.9 million people and covers an area of 64,589 square kilometers.

Latvia has a temperate seasonal climate and is known for its forests, lakes, and rivers. The majority of the population speaks Latvian, which is one of the two surviving Baltic languages. The other prominent minority in the country is the Russian community, which makes up almost a quarter of the population.

Latvia has a long and complex history, with periods of rule by various powers including the Teutonic Knights, Sweden, Poland-Lithuania, and Russia. The country declared its independence in 1918 after World War I, but this was interrupted by the invasion and occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941 and the re-occupation by the Soviet Union in 1944. Latvia was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, after which it restored its independence and became a democratic parliamentary republic.

Today, Latvia is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy. It is a member of numerous international organizations including the European Union, NATO, and the United Nations. It is known for its strong civil liberties and press freedom, and has a high ranking in the Human Development Index. The country has a thriving export-oriented economy, with a focus on forestry, agriculture, and manufacturing. Tourism is also an important contributor to the economy, with visitors attracted by the country's cultural heritage, natural beauty, and vibrant city life.

Independent Yes
Country codes LV, LVA (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Latvia
Official languages Latvian
Religion 64% Christianity, 35% No religion, 1% Others
Capital city Riga
Continent Europe
Time zone UTC+2 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3 (EEST)
Member of United Nations
European Union
Population 1,832,947 (2023)
Population density 30 per Km2 (79 people per mi2)
Urban Population 68.6 % of the population is urban (1,293,197 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -14,837
Median age 43.9 years
Total area The total land area is 62,200 Km2 (24,016 sq. miles)
Highest point Gaiziņkalns (312 m, 1 024 ft)
Lowest point Baltic Sea
GDP per capita $ 21,148 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Euro (€, EUR)
Calling code +371
Internet TLD .lv (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Latvia Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Latvia

1 Riga 742,572
2 Daugavpils 111,564
3 Liepaja 85,132
4 Jelgava 61,791
5 Jurmala 54,088
6 Ventspils 42,644
7 Rezekne 38,340
8 Jekabpils 27,078
9 Valmiera 26,963
10 Ogre 26,760
11 Tukums 18,348
12 Cesis 18,198
13 Salaspils 17,606
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