Estonia's flag is a blue-black-white tricolor known informally as the “sinimustvalge” in Estonian. Prior to the country's independence in 1918, it was frequently used as a symbol of Estonia and Estonians. The tricolor was formally declared the national flag by the Estonian Provisional Government on November 21, 1918, and its official status was reconfirmed by a statute in 1922.
The flag served as Estonia's national flag until June 1940, when the Soviet Union invaded and seized the country. The use of the blue-black-white tricolor and its color combinations were illegal and punished by law during the Soviet rule. However, the Estonian government-in-exile, diplomatic service, and Estonian exiles around the world continued to use the flag.
Estonian authorities approved the use of the blue-black-white flag once more in 1988. The Soviet flag was removed from Toompea Castle's Pikk Hermann tower on February 23, 1989, and replaced with the national flag the next morning. Estonian authorities officially re-adopted the flag on August 7, 1990, a year before the country's full restoration of independence.
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Estonia is a country located in Northern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east, Latvia to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west. It is a small country with a land area of about 17,000 square miles, and it is home to over 1.3 million people, making it the 149th most populous country in the world.
Estonia has a diverse and multicultural society, with people of Estonian, Russian, and other European descent living in the country. The official language is Estonian, and the country has a predominantly Christian population, with the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church being the state church.
Estonia has a varied and unique landscape, ranging from forests to lakes to coastlines. The climate is temperate, with mild winters and cool summers. The country is known for its beautiful natural scenery and history, and it is a popular tourist destination.
Estonia has a parliamentary system of government and is a parliamentary republic. It is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, and the United Nations, and it has a strong relationship with other countries in the region.
Estonia has a strong and diversified economy, with a wide range of industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. It is a major exporter of machinery, textiles, and chemical products, and it is also home to a growing technology sector.
|Country codes||EE, EST (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Estonia|
|Religion||64.9% No religion, 34.0% Christianity, 1.1% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||31 per Km2 (81 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||67.9 % of the population is urban (900,365 people in 2020)|
|Median age||42.4 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 42,390 Km2 (16,367 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Suur Munamägi (318 m, 1 043 ft)|
|Lowest point||Baltic Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ 27,943 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.ee (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Estonia Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Estonia