Turkmenistan's national flag is green with a white crescent and five stars in the center. The crescent is an Islamic emblem, while the five stars reflect the country's five provinces as well as the Five Pillars of Islam.
The flag's green tint is thought to represent the country's famous carpet industry as well as its agricultural prosperity. The flag was adopted as Turkmenistan's national flag on September 27, 1992, to replace the Soviet-era flag, which had a red background with two light blue bands in the center.
The design of the flag was changed to a 2:3 ratio and was formally accepted on January 23, 2001. On May 18th, State Flag and Constitution Day is observed to honor the adoption of the flag. The day is a national holiday, and it is observed with official ceremonies and patriotic events across the country.
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Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the northeast and east, Afghanistan and Iran to the south, and the Caspian Sea to the west. It is a large, culturally diverse country with a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Turkmenistan is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from deserts and mountains to forests and lakes.
The history of Turkmenistan dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 1000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Turkic, Persian, and other influences. Turkmenistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.
Today, Turkmenistan is a upper-middle-income country with a large and diversified economy. The country is known for its oil and gas industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as cotton, wheat, and livestock. Turkmenistan has a continental climate, with hot and dry weather in the summer and cold, dry weather in the winter. The official language of Turkmenistan is Turkmen.
|Country codes||TM, TKM (ISO 3166-1)|
|Religion||93% Islam, 6.4% Christianity, 0.6% Other|
|Time zone||UTC+05 (TMT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||13 per Km2 (33 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||52.5 % of the population is urban (3,167,354 people in 2020)|
|Median age||26.9 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 469,930 Km2 (181,441 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Aýrybaba (3 139 m, 10 299 ft)|
|Lowest point||Vpadina Akchanaya (-81 m, -266 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 7,344 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Turkmenistan manat (m, TMT)|
|Internet TLD||.tm (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Turkmenistan Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Turkmenistan