Afghanistan Flag

Afghanistan flag
Afghanistan flag

The flag of Afghanistan is a tricolor flag consisting of three equal vertical bands of black, red, and green. The flag was adopted by the Afghan interim government on August 19, 2013, following the fall of the Taliban regime.

The color black represents the past of Afghanistan, the color red represents the bloodshed and sacrifices of the Afghan people, and the color green represents hope and prosperity for the future. The national emblem, the shahadah (Islamic creed) in white Arabic script, is centered on the red band.

The current flag of Afghanistan is based on the flag used by the Afghan Kingdom from 1930 to 1973. The flag was originally adopted by King Amanullah Khan, who ruled Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929. During his reign, King Amanullah Khan pursued a number of ambitious modernization programs, including the adoption of a new flag as a symbol of the modern and progressive Afghanistan he sought to create.

Over the years, the flag of Afghanistan has undergone a number of changes. During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s, the flag was replaced with a red banner featuring the hammer and sickle, the symbol of communism. Following the fall of the Soviet-backed government in 1992, the tricolor flag was reinstated, with the addition of the shahadah in the center.

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Country information

Afghanistan is a country located in central and South Asia. It has a rich history and culture, and is often referred to as the “crossroads of Central Asia” due to its strategic location at the intersection of several major trade routes.

The earliest human settlements in Afghanistan date back to the Paleolithic era. Throughout its history, the region has been inhabited by various civilizations and empires, including the Persians, Greeks, and Mongols. In the 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state between the British and Russian empires, and gained its independence in 1919.

Today, Afghanistan is known for its diverse culture, which is influenced by its history and the many different ethnic groups that call the country home. The official languages of Afghanistan are Dari and Pashto, but many other languages are spoken throughout the country as well.

Afghanistan is a predominantly Muslim country, with over 99% of the population following Islam. The country is also home to a number of other religions, including Hinduism and Sikhism.

Despite its rich history and cultural diversity, Afghanistan has faced many challenges in recent years. The country has been embroiled in conflict for decades, with ongoing fighting between government forces and various militant groups. The conflict has had a devastating impact on the country, with many civilians killed or displaced, and infrastructure damaged or destroyed.

Despite these challenges, Afghanistan is a beautiful and fascinating country with a rich cultural heritage. It is home to stunning landscapes, including the Hindu Kush mountain range, and a number of historical and cultural attractions, including the ancient city of Bamiyan and the Kabul Museum.

Independent Yes
Country codes AF, AFG (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Official languages Pashto & Dari
Religion 99.7% Islam (official) 0.3% Others (2009 estimate)
Capital city Kabul
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+4:30
Member of United Nations
Collective Security Treaty Organization
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 41,148,935 (2023)
Population density 60 per Km2 (154 people per mi2)
Urban Population 25.4 % of the population is urban (9,904,337 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -62,920 (2020)
Median age 18.4 years
Total area The total land area is 652,860 Km2 (252,071 sq. miles)
Highest point Noshaq (7 492 m, 24 580 ft)
Lowest point Amu Darya (258 m, 846 ft)
GDP per capita $ 516.7 (World Bank, 2020)
Currency Afghan afghani (؋, AFN)
Calling code +93
Internet TLD .af (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Afghanistan Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Afghanistan

1 Kabul 3,043,532
2 Kandahar 391,190
3 Mazar-e Sharif 303,282
4 Herat 272,806
5 Jalalabad 200,331
6 Kunduz 161,902
7 Ghazni 141,000
8 Balkh 114,883
9 Baghlan 108,449
10 Gardez 103,601
11 Khost 96,123
12 Maymana 75,900
13 Khanabad 71,531
14 Bazarak 65,000
15 Khulm 64,933
16 Taloqan 64,256
17 Bamyan 61,863
18 Pul-e Khumri 56,369
19 Shibirghan 55,641
20 Charikar 53,676
21 Sar-e Pul 52,121
22 Zaranj 49,851
23 Paghman 49,157
24 Asadabad 48,400
25 Aibak 47,823
26 Fayzabad 44,421
27 Lashkar Gah 43,934
28 Gereshk 43,588
29 Farah 43,561
30 Ghormach 30,000
31 Shindand 29,264
32 Andkhoy 29,208
33 Rustaq 25,636
34 Qarawul 24,544
35 Nahrin 22,363
36 Baraki Barak 22,305
37 Art Khwajah 18,623
38 Kafir Qala 18,086
39 Karukh 17,484
40 Mehtar Lam 17,345
41 Kushk 16,952
42 Shahrak 15,967
43 Asmar 15,708
44 Sang-e Charak 15,377
45 Khash 15,133
46 Markaz-e Woluswali-ye Achin 15,098
47 Jabal os Saraj 15,032
48 Qarqin 15,018
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