The flag of Afghanistan is a tricolor flag consisting of three equal vertical bands of black, red, and green. The flag was adopted by the Afghan interim government on August 19, 2013, following the fall of the Taliban regime.
The color black represents the past of Afghanistan, the color red represents the bloodshed and sacrifices of the Afghan people, and the color green represents hope and prosperity for the future. The national emblem, the shahadah (Islamic creed) in white Arabic script, is centered on the red band.
The current flag of Afghanistan is based on the flag used by the Afghan Kingdom from 1930 to 1973. The flag was originally adopted by King Amanullah Khan, who ruled Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929. During his reign, King Amanullah Khan pursued a number of ambitious modernization programs, including the adoption of a new flag as a symbol of the modern and progressive Afghanistan he sought to create.
Over the years, the flag of Afghanistan has undergone a number of changes. During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s, the flag was replaced with a red banner featuring the hammer and sickle, the symbol of communism. Following the fall of the Soviet-backed government in 1992, the tricolor flag was reinstated, with the addition of the shahadah in the center.
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Afghanistan is a country located in central and South Asia. It has a rich history and culture, and is often referred to as the “crossroads of Central Asia” due to its strategic location at the intersection of several major trade routes.
The earliest human settlements in Afghanistan date back to the Paleolithic era. Throughout its history, the region has been inhabited by various civilizations and empires, including the Persians, Greeks, and Mongols. In the 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state between the British and Russian empires, and gained its independence in 1919.
Today, Afghanistan is known for its diverse culture, which is influenced by its history and the many different ethnic groups that call the country home. The official languages of Afghanistan are Dari and Pashto, but many other languages are spoken throughout the country as well.
Afghanistan is a predominantly Muslim country, with over 99% of the population following Islam. The country is also home to a number of other religions, including Hinduism and Sikhism.
Despite its rich history and cultural diversity, Afghanistan has faced many challenges in recent years. The country has been embroiled in conflict for decades, with ongoing fighting between government forces and various militant groups. The conflict has had a devastating impact on the country, with many civilians killed or displaced, and infrastructure damaged or destroyed.
Despite these challenges, Afghanistan is a beautiful and fascinating country with a rich cultural heritage. It is home to stunning landscapes, including the Hindu Kush mountain range, and a number of historical and cultural attractions, including the ancient city of Bamiyan and the Kabul Museum.
|Country codes||AF, AFG (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
|Official languages||Pashto & Dari|
|Religion||99.7% Islam (official) 0.3% Others (2009 estimate)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Collective Security Treaty Organization|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||60 per Km2 (154 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||25.4 % of the population is urban (9,904,337 people in 2020)|
|Migrants (net)||-62,920 (2020)|
|Median age||18.4 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 652,860 Km2 (252,071 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Noshaq (7 492 m, 24 580 ft)|
|Lowest point||Amu Darya (258 m, 846 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 516.7 (World Bank, 2020)|
|Currency||Afghan afghani (؋, AFN)|
|Internet TLD||.af (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Afghanistan Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Afghanistan
|46||Markaz-e Woluswali-ye Achin||15,098|
|47||Jabal os Saraj||15,032|