Kazakhstan's national flag, usually known as the Kazakh flag, was adopted on June 4, 1992. Shaken Niyazbekov designed it to replace the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic's flag. The flag depicts a golden sun with 32 rays rising above a soaring golden steppe eagle on a turquoise backdrop.
On the hoist side of the flag, there is a gold ornate pattern called “koshkar-muiz” (ram's horns). The flag's blue color has religious importance for the country's Turkic people and represents cultural and ethnic unification, as well as the infinite sky and sea. The sun, a source of life and energy, represents wealth and abundance, and its rays are fashioned like grains, which are the foundation of success.
The eagle is a historical emblem that has appeared on Kazakh tribes' flags for ages; it symbolizes freedom, power, and a flight into the future. The width to length ratio of the flag is 1:2.
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Kazakhstan is a country located in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. It is the world's largest landlocked country and has a population of around 19 million people, with a low population density. The country is known for its oil and gas industry, which generates a significant portion of its GDP, as well as its vast mineral resources. Kazakhstan is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, and the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
The territory of Kazakhstan has a long history of habitation by nomadic groups and empires. The ancient Iranian nomadic Scythians and the Achaemenid Persian Empire both had a presence in the region, and the Kazakh Khanate was established in the 15th century. The territory was later absorbed by the Russian Empire, and in 1936, it was established as the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic within the Soviet Union. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Kazakhstan became an independent country.
The government of Kazakhstan is a secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. However, human rights organizations have criticized the government for its authoritarianism, and the country's human rights situation is often described as poor. Despite this, Kazakhstan has a high Human Development Index ranking in the region. The country's capital is Astana, which was known as Nur-Sultan from 2019 to 2022. The largest city is Almaty, which was the capital until 1997. The country is home to a diverse population, with a majority of Sunni Muslims and a significant minority of Christians. The official language is Kazakh, but Russian is also widely spoken.
|Country codes||KZ, KAZ (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Kazakhstan|
|Official languages||Kazakh and Russian|
|Religion||69.3% Islam, 17.2% Christianity, 0.2% Others, 13.3% Irreligion / No Response|
|Time zone||UTC+5 / +6 (West / East)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Commonwealth of Nations|
|Collective Security Treaty Organization|
|Eurasian Economic Union|
|Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Population density||7 per Km2 (18 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||57.7 % of the population is urban (10,828,881 people in 2020)|
|Median age||30.7 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 2,699,700 Km2 (1,042,360 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Khan Tengri (7 010 m, 22 999 ft)|
|Lowest point||Karagiye Depression (-132 m, -433 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 10,373 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Kazakhstani tenge (₸, KZT)|
|Calling code||+997 (Permissive dialling with +7-6xx, +7-7xx until 2025.)|
|Internet TLD||.kz, .қаз (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Kazakhstan Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Kazakhstan