New Zealand Flag

New Zealand flag
New Zealand flag

The New Zealand flag, often known as the New Zealand Ensign, is modeled after the British nautical Blue Ensign, which has a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton or top hoist corner. The Southern Cross constellation is represented on the New Zealand flag by four red stars centered among four white stars.

The flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, New Zealand's first internationally recognized national flag, was established in 1834, six years before the country's secession from New South Wales and establishment as a separate colony following the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. An assembly of Mori leaders chose this flag, which had a St George's Cross with another cross in the canton with four stars on a blue field. British ensigns were used once the colony was established in 1840.

The current flag was designed and accepted in 1869 for use on the colony's ships, and it swiftly became New Zealand's national flag. In 1902, it received formal recognition.
For decades, there has been discussion about changing the flag, and in 2016, a two-part binding referendum on a flag change was held, with voting on the final stage closed on March 24. The country voted 57% to 43% to preserve the current flag in this referendum.

New Zealand flag downloads

Country information

New Zealand is an island nation located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, east of Australia. It is made up of two main islands, the North Island and the South Island, as well as several smaller islands. New Zealand is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a diverse landscape ranging from mountains and lakes to beaches and forests.

The history of New Zealand dates back to the 13th century, with the first human settlements established by Polynesian explorers. The country was later explored by Europeans in the late 18th century, and was annexed by the British in the mid-19th century. New Zealand gained independence in 1947, and today is a sovereign nation with a strong economy and a high standard of living.

The economy of New Zealand is diverse, with a mix of agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, and services sectors. The country is known for its production of dairy products, wool, and forestry products, and is also a major exporter of fish and other seafood. New Zealand has a temperate climate, with mild temperatures and high levels of rainfall throughout the year. The official language of New Zealand is English, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of Maori, European, and other ethnicities.

Independent Yes
Country codes NZ, NZL (ISO 3166-1)
Official name New Zealand
Official languages English, Māori and NZ Sign Language
Religion 48.6% No religion, 37.3% Christianity, 2.7% Hinduism, 1.3% Islam, 1.1% Buddhism, 2.3% Others, 6.7% No answer
Capital city Wellington
Continent Oceania
Time zone UTC+12 (NZST) • Summer (DST) • UTC+13 (NZDT)
Member of United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
Pacific Community
Population 4,922,861 (2023)
Population density 18 per Km2 (47 people per mi2)
Urban Population 86.9 % of the population is urban (4,191,405 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 14,881
Median age 38.0 years
Total area The total land area is 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. miles)
Highest point Aoraki/Mount Cook (3 724 m, 12 218 ft)
Lowest point /
GDP per capita $ 48,781 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency New Zealand dollar ($, NZD)
Calling code +64
Internet TLD .nz (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page New Zealand Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in New Zealand

1 Auckland 417,910
2 Wellington 381,900
3 Christchurch 363,926
4 Manukau City 362,000
5 Waitakere 208,100
6 North Shore 207,865
7 Hamilton 152,641
8 Dunedin 114,347
9 Tauranga 110,338
10 Lower Hutt 101,194
11 Palmerston North 75,996
12 Rotorua 65,901
13 Hastings 61,696
14 Nelson 59,200
15 Napier 56,787
16 Mangere 55,266
17 Porirua 50,914
18 Whangarei 50,900
19 New Plymouth 49,168
20 Invercargill 47,287
21 Wanganui 40,268
22 Upper Hutt 38,400
23 Gisborne 34,274
24 Ashburton 30,100
25 Papakura 28,010
26 Timaru 28,007
27 Blenheim 26,550
28 Paraparaumu 25,263
29 Taupo 22,469
30 Pukekohe East 21,438
31 Masterton 20,698
32 Levin 19,789
33 Whakatane 18,602
34 Taradale 16,599
35 Cambridge 15,192
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