The Maltese national flag, popularly known as the Bandiera ta' Malta, is a bicolor with two equal horizontal stripes: white in the hoist and red in the fly. In the canton of the white stripe, which is bordered in red, there is also a representation of the George Cross.
The flag was initially officially recognized on May 21, 1952, as a result of King George VI of the United Kingdom awarding Malta the George Cross in 1942. Malta received the George Cross in appreciation of its people's bravery and devotion throughout WWII. The flag's white and red colors represent the Maltese people's peaceful and valiant nature. The flag represents Malta's national identity, history, and sovereignty.
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Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia, and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. With a population of about 515,000 over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi), Malta is the world's tenth smallest country in terms of area and fourth most densely populated sovereign country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.61 km2 (0.24 sq mi). The official and national language is Maltese, which is descended from Sicilian Arabic that developed during the Emirate of Sicily, while English serves as the second official language.
Malta has been inhabited since approximately 5900 BC. Its location in the centre of the Mediterranean has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, with a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Moors, Normans, Sicilians, Spanish, Knights of St. John, French, and British. Most of these foreign influences have left some sort of mark on the country's ancient culture. Malta became a British colony in 1815, serving as a way station for ships and the headquarters for the British Mediterranean Fleet. It played an important role in the Allied war effort during the Second World War, and was later awarded the George Cross for its bravery in the face of an Axis siege. The British Parliament passed the Malta Independence Act in 1964, giving Malta independence from the United Kingdom as the State of Malta, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and queen. The country became a republic in 1974.
It has been a member state of the European Union and the United Nations since 2004, and part of the Schengen Area since 2007. Malta has a long Christian legacy and its Roman Catholic Archdiocese is sometimes traditionally claimed to be an apostolic see because Paul the Apostle was shipwrecked on “Melita”, according to Acts of the Apostles, which is now known as Malta.The country is known for its historic and ancient culture, which is reflected in its ancient temples, monasteries, churches, palaces, fortifications, and museums. Its cultural wealth has attracted numerous tourists, with Valletta as the highest-rated European capital city in the 2018 World's Best Cities report.
|Country codes||MT, MLT (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Malta|
|Official languages||Maltese and English|
|Religion||90% Christianity, 5% No religion, 2% Islam, 3% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Commonwealth of Nations|
|Population density||1380 per Km2 (3,574 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||93.2 % of the population is urban (411,533 people in 2020)|
|Median age||42.6 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 320 Km2 (124 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Ta'Dmejrek on Malta Island (253 m, 830 ft)|
|Lowest point||Mediterranean Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ 33,486 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.mt (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Malta Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Malta