The Spanish national flag, as specified by the 1978 Constitution, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow, and red, with the yellow stripe being twice as wide as the red stripes. Because of the center stripe hue, which was previously referred to as gualda, it is often known as la Rojigualda (red-weld).
The current Spanish flag derives from the naval ensign of 1785, known as the Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra, designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán for King Charles III of Spain. Charles III chose this design from among 12 others, and it was initially employed by the naval troops.
During the Peninsular War, marine regiments frequently utilized it to battle inland. The flag was first distributed to land units in 1820, and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain officially designated it as the national flag.
The color scheme of the flag remained unaltered throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with the exception of the Second Republic period, when the only changes made to the flag were on the coat of arms but not the color scheme.
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Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe, bordered by Portugal to the west, France to the northwest, and Andorra and Gibraltar to the northeast. It is a country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Spain is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to beaches and coastlines.
The history of Spain dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 35,000 years ago. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Roman, Visigothic, and other influences. Spain gained independence from the Roman Empire in the 5th century, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.
Today, Spain is a high-income country with a large and diversified economy. The country is known for its tourism industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as wheat, corn, and livestock. Spain has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The official language of Spain is Spanish, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.
|Country codes||ES, ESP (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Kingdom of Spain|
|Religion||75.2% Christianity, 21.0% No religion, 3.3% Islam, 0.5% Other|
|Time zone||UTC±0 to +1 (WET and CET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+1 to +2 (WEST and CEST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||94 per Km2 (243 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||80.3 % of the population is urban (37,543,537 people in 2020)|
|Median age||44.9 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 498,800 Km2 (192,588 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Teide (3 718 m, 12 198 ft)|
|Lowest point||North Atlantic Ocean|
|GDP per capita||$ 30,103 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.es (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Spain Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Spain
|9||Las Palmas de Gran Canaria||381,847|
|17||L'Hospitalet de Llobregat||257,038|
|21||Puente de Vallecas||244,151|
|23||Gasteiz / Vitoria||235,661|
|28||Santa Cruz de Tenerife||222,417|
|33||Jerez de la Frontera||207,532|
|36||Alcala de Henares||204,574|
|44||Castello de la Plana||180,005|
|53||Tetuan de las Victorias||155,000|