Papua New Guinea Flag

Papua New Guinea flag
Papua New Guinea flag

The Papua New Guinea flag was adopted on July 1, 1971. Susan Karike, who was 15 years old at the time, produced the design, which was chosen in a nationwide competition. The flag has a black and red field with a white representation of the Southern Cross constellation.

The constellation is made up of four five-pointed stars and signifies the country's southern hemisphere location. A Raggiana bird-of-paradise, silhouetted in yellow, is superimposed over the constellation. The bird of paradise is also viewed as a symbol of national identity and features on the national coat of arms.

The colors red and black have long been associated with many Papua New Guinean tribes. The current flag was also influenced by the black-white-red color combination of the German Empire flag, which had dominated the region prior to 1918. Prior to the country's independence, the Australian administration recommended an alternate flag design with blue, yellow, and green stripes, as well as the bird-of-paradise and Southern Cross.

The design, produced by Hal Holman, was supposed to represent New Guinea's sea, islands, and coastlines, as well as the country's mineral richness and unity, but it was rejected as a “mechanically constructed outcome,” therefore Susan Karike's design was picked instead.

Papua New Guinea flag downloads

Country information

Papua New Guinea is a country located in Oceania, on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. It is bordered by Indonesia to the west, and by the Pacific Ocean to the north and east. Papua New Guinea is a large and diverse country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions.

The history of Papua New Guinea dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 50,000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Melanesian, Polynesian, and other influences. Papua New Guinea was a colony of Australia until 1975, when it gained independence.

Today, Papua New Guinea is a lower-middle-income country with a developing economy. The country is known for its production of agricultural products such as coffee and cocoa, as well as for its growing mining and tourism industries. Papua New Guinea has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The official languages of Papua New Guinea are English and Tok Pisin, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.

Independent Yes
Country codes PG, PNG (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Official languages English, Hiri, Motu,Tok Pisin
Religion 95.5% Christianity, 3.1% Unspecified, 1.4% Others / None
Capital city Port Moresby
Continent Oceania
Time zone UTC+10, +11 (PNGST)
Member of United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
Pacific Community
Population 9,384,577 (2023)
Population density 20 per Km2 (51 people per mi2)
Urban Population 13.1 % of the population is urban (1,168,469 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -800
Median age 22.4 years
Total area The total land area is 452,860 Km2 (174,850 sq. miles)
Highest point Mount Wilhelm (4 509 m, 14 793 ft)
Lowest point South Pacific Ocean
GDP per capita $ 2,672 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Papua New Guinean kina (K, PGK)
Calling code +675
Internet TLD .pg (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Papua New Guinea Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Papua New Guinea

1 Port Moresby 283,733
2 Lae 76,255
3 Arawa 40,266
4 Mount Hagen 33,623
5 Popondetta 28,198
6 Madang 27,419
7 Kokopo 26,273
8 Mendi 26,252
9 Kimbe 18,847
10 Goroka 18,503
11 Wewak 18,230
12 Bulolo 16,042
13 Daru 15,214
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