Indonesia Flag

Indonesia flag
Indonesia flag

Indonesia's flag is a simple bicolor with two horizontal bars, red (top) and white (bottom) (bottom). It has remained unchanged since it was originally displayed and hoisted in public at Jakarta's proclamation of independence on August 17, 1945.

The flag's design is identical to that of Monaco, with the exception of the color red and the ratio of its dimensions. It is also similar to the Polish flag, however the colors are reversed, with white on top and red on bottom. The “Naval Jack of Indonesia” is only flown from the jackstaff of every active Indonesian warship while anchored or moored at docks and on special occasions.

The naval jack is known as Sang Saka Merah Putih, or “The Heirloom Red-White,” because it has nine alternate stripes, five red and four white. The naval jack was invented by the Majapahit Empire, which was noted for its strong maritime presence and flew identical jacks on its ships.

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Country information

Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is made up of over 17,000 islands, including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and parts of Borneo and New Guinea. Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state and the 14th-largest country by area, with a land area of approximately 1.9 million square kilometers. It is also the world's fourth-most populous country, with a population of over 275 million people. The majority of Indonesia's population is Muslim, and the official language is Indonesian.

Jakarta, Indonesia's capital city, is the second-most populous urban area in the world. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia, as well as maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands). Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity.

The Indonesian archipelago has a long history of trade, with the region being valued for its strategic location between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Local rulers absorbed foreign influences from the early centuries, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Islam was introduced by Sunni traders and Sufi scholars, and Christianity was spread by Europeans. The Dutch were the dominant colonial power in the region for much of their presence, and the concept of “Indonesia” as a nation-state emerged in the early 20th century. Indonesia declared its independence in 1945, but it was not until 1949 that the Dutch recognized Indonesia's sovereignty following an armed and diplomatic conflict.

Indonesia is a diverse country, with thousands of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest of these is the Javanese group. Despite this diversity, Indonesia has developed a shared identity with the motto “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Diversity” literally, “many, yet one”), which reflects the country's cultural diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it.

The economy of Indonesia is the world's 17th-largest by nominal GDP and the 7th-largest by PPP. It is considered a middle power in global affairs and is a member of several multilateral organizations, including the United Nations, World Trade Organization, G20, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Indonesia is also a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, East Asia Summit, D-8, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Independent Yes
Country codes ID, IDN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Indonesia
Official languages Indonesian
Religion 86.7% Islam, 10.7% Christianity, 1.7% Hinduism, 0.8% Buddhism, 0.1% Folk, Confucianism and Others
Capital city Jakarta
Continent Asia and Oceania
Time zone UTC+7 to +9 (various)
Member of United Nations
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 280,892,654 (2023)
Population density 151 per Km2 (391 people per mi2)
Urban Population 56.4 % of the population is urban (154,188,546 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -98,955
Median age 29.7 years
Total area The total land area is 1,811,570 Km2 (699,451 sq. miles)
Highest point Puncak Jaya (4 884 m, 16 024 ft)
Lowest point Indian Ocean
GDP per capita $ 4,332 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Indonesian rupiah (Rp, IDR)
Calling code +62
Internet TLD .id (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Indonesia Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Indonesia

1 Jakarta 8,540,121
2 Surabaya 2,374,658
3 Medan 1,750,971
4 Bandung 1,699,719
5 Bekasi 1,520,119
6 Palembang 1,441,500
7 Tangerang 1,372,124
8 Makassar 1,321,717
9 South Tangerang 1,303,569
10 Semarang 1,288,084
11 Depok 1,198,129
12 Batam 1,164,352
13 Padang 840,352
14 Denpasar 834,881
15 Bandar Lampung 800,348
16 Bogor 800,000
17 Malang 746,716
18 Pekanbaru 703,956
19 City of Balikpapan 700,000
20 Yogyakarta 636,660
21 Situbondo 600,000
22 Banjarmasin 572,837
23 Surakarta 555,308
24 Cimahi 493,698
25 Pontianak 455,173
26 Manado 451,893
27 Balikpapan 433,866
28 Jambi City 420,323
29 Ambon 355,596
30 Samarinda 355,160
31 Mataram 318,674
32 Percut 311,063
33 Bengkulu 309,712
34 Jember 298,585
35 Palu 282,431
36 Kupang 282,396
37 Sukabumi 276,414
38 Tasikmalaya 271,143
39 Pekalongan 257,945
40 Cirebon 254,298
41 Banda Aceh 250,757
42 Tegal 237,084
43 Kediri 235,143
44 Binjai 228,763
45 Purwokerto 217,222
46 Purwakarta 215,803
47 Loa Janan 212,816
48 Pematangsiantar 209,614
49 Ciputat 207,858
50 Ciampea 207,212
51 Cileungsir 202,190
52 Rengasdengklok 201,463
53 Sumedang 200,000
54 Kendari 195,006
55 Parung 193,898
56 Tanjung Pinang 192,493
57 Curug 191,406
58 Labuan Bajo 188,724
59 Cibinong 188,663
60 Madiun 186,099
61 Pemalang 184,149
62 Lembang 183,130
63 Probolinggo 181,656
64 Pamulang 174,557
65 Cikupa 174,041
66 Salatiga 172,645
67 Plumbon 167,105
68 Banjaran 164,952
69 Serang 164,767
70 Lawang 159,380
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