Nicaragua Flag

Nicaragua flag
Nicaragua flag

Nicaragua's flag was first accepted on September 4, 1908, although it was not officially designated as the national flag until August 27, 1971. The flag's design is influenced by the flags of the Federal Republic of Central America and Argentina.

Nicaragua's flag is one of just three national flags in the world (the others being El Salvador and Dominica) that includes the color purple. The flag has three horizontal blue, white, and blue bands with a central coat of arms. The blue color represents Nicaraguans' unity and loyalty, the white color represents the nation's purity and justice, and the coat of arms is a symbol of nationalism and sovereignty.

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Country information

Nicaragua is a country located in Central America, bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. It is the largest country in Central America, with a varied landscape that includes mountains, lakes, and beaches. Nicaragua has a rich cultural heritage, with a mix of indigenous, Spanish, and African influences.

The history of Nicaragua dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 1000 BC. The country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, and remained a Spanish colony until independence in 1838. Nicaragua has a tumultuous political history, with a series of revolutions and civil wars over the past two centuries.

Today, Nicaragua is a lower-middle-income country with a largely agricultural economy. The country is known for its production of coffee, tobacco, and other crops, as well as its growing tourism industry. Nicaragua has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of indigenous, Spanish, and African influences.

Independent Yes
Country codes NI, NIC (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Nicaragua
Official languages Spanish
Religion 84.4% Christianity, 14.7% No religion, 0.9% Other
Capital city Managua
Continent North America
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Member of United Nations
Central American Integration System
Organization of American States
Population 6,827,313 (2023)
Population density 55 per Km2 (143 people per mi2)
Urban Population 57.2 % of the population is urban (3,786,513 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -21,272
Median age 26.5 years
Total area The total land area is 120,340 Km2 (46,464 sq. miles)
Highest point Mogotón (2 107 m, 6 913 ft)
Lowest point North Pacific Ocean
GDP per capita $ 2,045 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Nicaraguan córdoba (C$, NIO
Calling code +505
Internet TLD .ni (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Nicaragua Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Nicaragua

1 Managua 973,087
2 Leon 144,538
3 Masaya 130,113
4 Chinandega 126,387
5 Matagalpa 109,089
6 Esteli 96,422
7 Granada 89,409
8 Jinotega 55,000
9 El Viejo 53,504
10 Nueva Guinea 52,929
11 Tipitapa 50,000
11 Juigalpa 50,000
11 Ciudad Sandino 50,000
12 Bluefields 44,373
13 Diriamba 35,008
14 Ocotal 33,928
15 Puerto Cabezas 33,635
16 Chichigalpa 33,137
17 Rivas 30,000
18 San Rafael del Sur 29,836
19 Jinotepe 29,507
20 Boaco 29,046
21 Nagarote 26,270
22 Jalapa 24,037
23 La Paz Centro 23,481
24 San Marcos 23,347
25 Masatepe 21,452
26 Nandaime 20,810
27 El Rama 20,456
28 Somoto 20,316
29 Corinto 19,183
30 Rio Blanco 17,018
31 Camoapa 16,653
32 El Crucero 16,469
33 Siuna 16,056
34 Somotillo 15,385
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