Lebanon Flag

Lebanon flag
Lebanon flag

Lebanon's national flag, called in Arabic as ” ” (Alam Lubnan), consists of three horizontal stripes. The stripes at the top and bottom are red, while the centre stripe is white. The white stripe is twice as tall as the red stripes, resulting in a 1:2:1 ratio, often known as a Spanish fess.

A green cedar tree, a symbol of Lebanon and its national emblem, is in the center of the white stripe. The cedar touches both red lines and is one-third the breadth of the entire flag. The overall color composition of the flag represents the snow-covered Lebanese highlands and the blood of their Martyrs in the war for independence.

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Country information

Lebanon, officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a country located in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The capital and largest city of Lebanon is Beirut.

Lebanon has a diverse population, with 18 recognized religious sects and a rich cultural history. The official languages of Lebanon are Arabic and French, with many people also speaking English as a third language. The country has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild, wet winters.

Lebanon has a long history, with the earliest known human settlements dating back to the Paleolithic period. It has been conquered and ruled by various empires throughout its history, including the Ottoman Empire, the French Mandate, and the Arab League. Lebanon gained independence in 1943 and has been a democratic republic since then, though it has faced numerous challenges including civil war, political instability, and foreign intervention.

Lebanon is known for its diverse landscape, including mountains, forests, and beaches. It is also home to numerous ancient ruins, such as the Cedars of God, Baalbek, and the Tyre Ruins. The country is famous for its food, particularly its mezze (a variety of small dishes served with drinks) and its wine.

Despite its many challenges, Lebanon is a vibrant and diverse country with a rich cultural heritage. It is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the World Trade Organization, and has played an important role in the region for centuries.

Independent Yes
Country codes LB, LBN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Lebanese Republic
Official languages Arabic
Religion /
Capital city Beirut
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+2 (EET) • Summer (DST) • UTC+3 (EEST)
Member of United Nations
Arab League
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 6,747,339 (2023)
Population density 667 per Km2 (1,728 people per mi2)
Urban Population 78.4 % of the population is urban (5,353,116 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -30,012
Median age 29.6 years
Total area The total land area is 10,230 Km2 (3,950 sq. miles)
Highest point Qurnat as Sawda' (3 088 m, 10 131 ft)
Lowest point Mediterranean Sea
GDP per capita $ 4,136 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Lebanese pound (ل.ل, LBP)
Calling code +961
Internet TLD .lb (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Lebanon Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Lebanon

1 Beirut 1,916,100
2 Ra's Bayrut 1,251,739
3 Tripoli 229,398
4 Sidon 163,554
5 Tyre 135,204
6 Nabatiye et Tahta 120,000
7 Habbouch 98,433
8 Jounieh 96,315
9 Zahle 78,145
10 Baalbek 30,916
11 En Naqoura 24,910
12 Jbail 20,784
13 Bcharre 20,000
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