Guatemala's flag, often known as the “National Flag” or “Blue and White,” is made up of two horizontal stripes of sky blue and white. The sky blue stripes represent both the country's location between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans (Caribbean Sea) and the sky over Guatemala. The color white denotes peace and purity. The blue and white colors are inspired by the old Federal Republic of Central America's flag.
The Guatemalan coat of arms, which features a resplendent quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala that represents liberty; a parchment scroll with the date of Central America's independence from Spain, September 15, 1821; crossed Remington rifles, indicating the country's willingness to defend itself by force if necessary; a bay laurel crown, symbolizing victory; and crossed swords, symbolizing honor, is in the center of the flag.
The flag, along with those of Mozambique, Haiti, and Bolivia, is one of four national flags among UN member states that contain a firearm. It is also one of five national flags that use the 5:8 ratio, the others being Argentina, Palau, Poland, and Sweden.
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Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the south. The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City, which is located in the central part of the country and is the largest city.
Guatemala has a population of approximately 18 million people, and the official language is Spanish. The country has a diverse population, with more than 20 different ethnic groups. The main religions in Guatemala are Catholicism and Protestantism.
Guatemala has a varied climate, with hot and humid conditions in the low-lying areas and cooler temperatures in the highland regions. The country is home to a number of national parks and protected areas, which are home to a wide range of plant and animal species, including jaguars, tapirs, and a variety of birds.
The economy of Guatemala is primarily based on agriculture, with the main crops being coffee, bananas, and sugarcane. The country is also an important producer of textiles, and the manufacturing sector is a significant contributor to the economy. The tourism sector is also an important contributor to the economy, with the country's rich history and diverse culture attracting visitors from around the world.
|Country codes||GT, GTM (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Guatemala|
|Religion||88% Christianity, 11% No religion, 1% Other|
|Capital city||Guatemala City|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST) • Summer (DST) • UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Central American Integration System|
|Organization of American States|
|Population density||167 per Km2 (433 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||51.8 % of the population is urban (9,284,293 people in 2020)|
|Median age||22.9 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 107,160 Km2 (41,375 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Volcán Tajumulco (4 220 m, 13 845 ft)|
|Lowest point||North Pacific Ocean|
|GDP per capita||$ 5,025 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Guatemalan quetzal (Q, GTQ)|
|Internet TLD||.gt (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Guatemala Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Guatemala
|5||San Juan Sacatepequez||136,886|
|15||Santa Catarina Pinula||67,994|
|16||Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa||62,097|
|18||San Francisco El Alto||54,493|
|20||San Jose Pinula||47,247|
|21||San Pedro Ayampuc||46,803|
|27||San Pedro Sacatepequez||40,021|
|48||Santa Cruz del Quiche||23,618|
|56||San Pablo Jocopilas||20,259|
|58||San Cristobal Verapaz||19,664|
|60||Nuevo San Carlos||19,162|
|64||Puerto San Jose||18,655|
|65||San Andres Itzapa||18,647|
|68||San Lucas Sacatepequez||17,959|