Croatia Flag

Croatia flag
Croatia flag

The flag of Croatia has a long history and has undergone several changes over the years. The current design of the flag was adopted on December 22, 1990, following the country's independence from Yugoslavia.

The red, white, and blue colors of the flag are believed to be inspired by the French Tricolour, which was a symbol of the French Revolution and the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The colors have also been associated with Croatia's history and culture, with the red symbolizing the blood of Croatian heroes and the white representing the purity of the Croatian people.

The blue represents the Croatian sky and the Adriatic Sea, which have played an important role in the country's history and development. The coat of arms in the center of the flag is a stylized depiction of the historical Croatian arms, which were used by the Croatian Kingdom during the Middle Ages.

The crown above the shield represents the Croatian regions and symbolizes the unity of the Croatian people. Overall, the flag of Croatia is a symbol of the country's independence, sovereignty, and cultural identity.

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Country information

Croatia is a country located in Southeast Europe, bordered by Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the south, and Montenegro to the south and southeast. It is a small country with a land area of about 21,000 square miles, and it is home to over 4 million people, making it the 124th most populous country in the world.

Croatia has a diverse and multicultural society, with people of Slavic, Croatian, and other European ancestry living in the country. The official language is Croatian, and the country has a predominantly Roman Catholic population.

Croatia has a varied and unique landscape, ranging from the Adriatic Sea to the Dinaric Alps. The country is known for its beautiful beaches, islands, and national parks, and it is a popular tourist destination.

Croatia has a stable and democratic government, with a parliamentary system of government. It is a member of the European Union, the United Nations, and the Council of Europe, and it has a strong relationship with other countries in the region.

Croatia has a strong and diversified economy, with a wide range of industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. It is a major exporter of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, and food products, and it is also home to a growing technology sector.

Independent Yes
Country codes HR, HRV (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Croatia
Official languages Croatian
Religion 87.4% Christianity, 6.4% No religion, 2.3% Others, 3.9% Undeclared
Capital city Zagreb
Continent North America
Time zone UTC−5 (EST) • Summer (DST) •  UTC−4 (EDT)
Member of United Nations
European Union
Population 4,041,686 (2023)
Population density 73 per Km2 (190 people per mi2)
Urban Population 57.7 % of the population is urban (2,368,833 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -8,001
Median age 44.3 years
Total area The total land area is 55,960 Km2 (21,606 sq. miles)
Highest point Dinara (1 831 m, 6 007 ft)
Lowest point Adriatic Sea
GDP per capita $ 17,685 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Croatian kuna (kn, HRK)
Calling code +385
Internet TLD .hr (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Croatia Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Croatia

1 Zagreb 698,966
2 Split 176,314
3 Rijeka 141,172
4 Osijek 88,140
5 Zadar 71,258
6 Slavonski Brod 60,742
7 Pula 59,078
8 Sesvete 52,411
9 Karlovac 46,833
10 Varazdin 41,808
11 Stenjevec 41,257
12 Sibenik 37,112
13 Centar 37,000
14 Sisak 35,748
15 Velika Gorica 35,072
16 Vinkovci 33,314
17 Vukovar 29,584
18 Dubrovnik 28,428
19 Bjelovar 28,275
20 Koprivnica 25,579
21 Pozega 21,153
22 Solin 20,212
23 Zapresic 19,664
24 GJakovo 19,491
25 Cakovec 15,867
26 Virovitica 15,665
27 Samobor 15,221
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