Sri Lanka Flag

Sri Lanka flag
Sri Lanka flag

Sri Lanka's national flag, often known as the Sinha Flag or Lion Flag, depicts a golden lion holding a kastane sword in its right forepaw against a maroon backdrop. The lion symbolizes the Sinhalese community, and the maroon color symbolizes the country's old Sinhalese Kingdom.

The flag contains four gold bo leaves, one in each corner, and is surrounded by gold. These leaves symbolize the Buddhist ideals of mett (kindness), karu (compassion), mudit (empathetic delight), and upeksh (equanimity).

The flag also has two vertical stripes of equal width in teal and orange. The orange stripe depicts the Tamil community in Sri Lanka, which includes both Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils. The Sri Lankan Moors are represented by the green stripe (Muslims of Sri Lanka). The golden yellow border depicts the country's numerous minority communities.

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Country information

Sri Lanka is a country located in South Asia, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south and west, and by India to the north and east. It is a country with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Sri Lanka is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to beaches and coastlines.

The history of Sri Lanka dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 5000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of South Asian, Sinhalese, Tamil, and other influences. Sri Lanka gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1948, and has since gone through a number of political and economic challenges.

Today, Sri Lanka is a lower-middle-income country with a small and diversified economy. The country is known for its manufacturing industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as rice, tea, and rubber. Sri Lanka has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The official languages of Sri Lanka are Sinhala and Tamil, and the country has a diverse population with a mix of different ethnicities and religions.

Independent Yes
Country codes LK, LKA (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Official languages Sinhala, Tamil
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism, 9.7% Islam, 7.4% Christianity, 0.1% Other/None
Capital city Colombo
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+5:30 (SLST)
Member of United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
Population 21,645,318 (2023)
Population density 341 per Km2 (884 people per mi2)
Urban Population 18.4 % of the population is urban (3,945,488 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -97,986
Median age 34.0 years
Total area The total land area is 62,710 Km2 (24,212 sq. miles)
Highest point Pidurutalagala on Sri Lanka (2 524 m, 8 281 ft)
Lowest point Indian Ocean
GDP per capita $ 4,013 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Sri Lankan rupee (Rs රු, LKR)
Calling code +94
Internet TLD .lk, .இலங்கை, .ලංකා (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Sri Lanka Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Sri Lanka

1 Colombo 648,034
2 Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia 219,827
3 Moratuwa 185,031
4 Jaffna 169,102
5 Negombo 137,223
6 Pita Kotte 118,179
7 Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte 115,826
8 Kandy 111,701
9 Trincomalee 108,420
10 Kalmunai 100,171
11 Galle 93,118
12 Point Pedro 89,810
13 Batticaloa 86,742
14 Katunayaka 84,643
15 Valvedditturai 78,205
16 Matara 76,254
17 Battaramulla South 75,633
18 Dambulla 66,716
19 Maharagama 66,576
20 Kotikawatta 64,565
21 Anuradhapura 60,943
22 Vavuniya 60,176
23 Kolonnawa 58,076
24 Hendala 56,978
25 Ratnapura 47,832
26 Badulla 47,587
27 Puttalam 45,661
28 Devinuwara 45,000
29 Welisara 41,306
30 Kalutara 38,000
31 Bentota 37,000
32 Matale 36,462
33 Homagama 34,664
34 Beruwala 34,250
35 Panadura 33,735
36 Mulleriyawa 33,540
37 Kandana 33,424
38 Ja Ela 32,175
39 Wattala 30,725
40 Peliyagoda 30,717
41 Kelaniya 28,846
42 Kurunegala 28,571
43 Nuwara Eliya 25,775
44 Gampola 24,730
45 Chilaw 24,712
46 Eravur Town 22,982
47 Hanwella Ihala 22,918
48 Weligama 22,179
49 Vakarai 21,000
50 Kataragama 20,935
51 Ambalangoda 20,133
52 Ampara 18,348
53 Kegalle 17,962
54 Hatton 15,073
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