India Flag

India flag
India flag

The Indian national flag, often known as the tricolour, is made up of three horizontal stripes of equal width. The top band is saffron, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. The Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke navy blue wheel, is at the center of the flag.

It was accepted in its current form at a sitting of the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, and it became the official flag of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947. It is still the flag of the Republic of India. The term “tricolour” mainly refers to the national flag in India. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, which was designed for the Indian National Congress by Pingali Venkayya.

The flag is required by law to be fashioned of khadi, a type of hand-spun cotton or silk popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. The Bureau of Indian Standards outlines the flag's production process and requirements. The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission owns the right to make the flag, which it distributes to regional groups. The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha was the sole maker of the flag as of 2009.

The Flag Code of India, as well as other legislation, govern the use of the flag. Except on national holidays like as Independence Day and Republic Day, the original legislation prohibited private persons from using the flag. In response to a plea by private person Naveen Jindal, the Supreme Court of India authorized the Government of India to change the legislation to allow private citizens to use the flag in 2002.

Following that, the Union Cabinet of India revised the code to allow for limited use. The legislation was updated again in 2005 to allow for further uses, such as alterations on certain types of apparel. The flag code also specifies how to fly the flag and how to use it in conjunction with other national and non-national flags.

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Country information

India is a country located in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country in the world by land area, and it is the second-most populous country, with a population of approximately 1.4 billion people. The capital of India is New Delhi, which is located in the northern part of the country and is the largest city.

India has a diverse population, with more than 2,000 different ethnic groups and more than 1,600 languages spoken. The official language of the country is Hindi, and English is also widely spoken. The main religions in India are Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.

India has a varied climate, with the northern part of the country experiencing cold winters and hot summers, while the southern part of the country has a tropical climate. The country is home to a number of national parks and protected areas, which are home to a wide range of plant and animal species, including tigers, elephants, and a variety of birds.

The economy of India is one of the fastest-growing in the world, and it is a major player in the global economy. The country has a strong service sector, with a number of important financial institutions and businesses headquartered there. The manufacturing sector is also an important contributor to the economy, with the country producing a wide range of products, including automobiles, pharmaceuticals, and electronic goods. The agriculture sector is also a significant contributor to the economy, with the country being one of the world's largest producers of rice, wheat, and other crops.

Overall, India is a vibrant and dynamic country with a rich culture and a unique natural environment. Its strong service sector and growing manufacturing industry make it an important player in regional and international affairs. Its diverse population and rich history make it an attractive destination for tourists from around the world.

Independent Yes
Country codes IN, IND (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of India
Official languages Hindi and English
Religion 79.8% Hinduism, 14.2% Islam, 2.3% Christianity, 1.7% Sikhism, 0.7% Buddhism, 0.4% Jainism, 0.23% Unaffiliated, 0.65% Others
Capital city New Delhi
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Member of United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
Population 1,414,570,150 (2023)
Population density 464 per Km2 (1,202 people per mi2)
Urban Population 35.0 % of the population is urban (483,098,640 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) -532,687
Median age 28.4 years
Total area The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)
Highest point Kangchenjunga (8 586 m, 28 169 ft)
Lowest point Kuttanad (-2 m, -7 ft)
GDP per capita $ 2,256 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Indian rupee (₹, INR)
Calling code +91
Internet TLD .in (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page India Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in India

1 Mumbai 12,691,836
2 Delhi 10,927,986
3 Bengaluru 5,104,047
4 Kolkata 4,631,392
5 Chennai 4,328,063
6 Ahmedabad 3,719,710
7 Hyderabad 3,597,816
8 Pune 2,935,744
9 Surat 2,894,504
10 Kanpur 2,823,249
11 Jaipur 2,711,758
12 Navi Mumbai 2,600,000
13 Lucknow 2,472,011
14 Nagpur 2,228,018
15 Indore 1,837,041
16 Patna 1,599,920
17 Bhopal 1,599,914
18 Ludhiana 1,545,368
19 Tirunelveli 1,435,844
20 Agra 1,430,055
21 Vadodara 1,409,476
22 Gorakhpur 1,324,570
23 Nashik 1,289,497
24 Pimpri 1,284,606
25 Kalyan 1,262,255
26 Thane 1,261,517
27 Meerut 1,223,184
28 Nowrangapur 1,220,946
29 Faridabad 1,220,229
30 Ghaziabad 1,199,191
31 Dombivli 1,193,000
32 Rajkot 1,177,362
33 Varanasi 1,164,404
34 Amritsar 1,092,450
35 Allahabad 1,073,438
36 Visakhapatnam 1,063,178
37 Teni 1,034,724
38 Jabalpur 1,030,168
39 Haora 1,027,672
40 Aurangabad 1,016,441
41 Shivaji Nagar 1,000,000
42 Solapur 997,281
43 Srinagar 975,857
44 Chandigarh 960,787
45 Coimbatore 959,823
46 Jodhpur 921,476
47 Madurai 909,908
48 Guwahati 899,094
49 Gwalior 882,458
50 Vijayawada 874,587
51 Mysore 868,313
52 Ranchi 846,454
53 Hubli 840,214
54 Jalandhar 785,178
55 Thiruvananthapuram 784,153
56 Salem 778,396
57 Tiruchirappalli 775,484
58 Kota 763,088
59 Bhubaneshwar 762,243
60 Aligarh 753,207
61 Bareilly 745,435
62 Moradabad 721,139
63 Bhiwandi 707,035
64 Raipur 679,995
65 Gorakhpur 674,246
66 Bhilai 625,138
67 Jamshedpur 616,338
68 Borivli 609,617
69 Cochin 604,696
70 Amravati 603,837
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