The two equal horizontal bands of red and green make up Madagascar's national flag, which also has a white vertical band of the same width on the hoist side. The Merina kingdom's red and white hues, as well as the color green, which stands for the Hova, the largest class of ordinary peasants, were used to create the flag. The two classes are united by the white color band on the left.
The red and white colors are a tribute to Queen Ranavalona III, the last Merina ruler, who controlled the country until France seized control of it in 1896. The Merina people's blood and valor are symbolized by the color red. The Hova class of peasant commoners, who were active in the independence movement and anti-French agitation, are symbolized by the color green.
The flag, which has served as Madagascar's national flag ever since, was chosen on October 14, 1958, two years before the island gained its independence, as officials were ready for a vote on the country's membership in the French Community.
Madagascar flag downloads
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Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara; French: République de Madagascar), is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world, with a land area of 592,800 square kilometers (229,000 square miles). The country is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, with more than half of its species found nowhere else on earth.
The first inhabitants of Madagascar were Austronesian people, who arrived on the island around the first century AD. Over the centuries, Madagascar was ruled by a series of kingdoms and empires, including the Merina Kingdom, which was established in the late 18th century. In 1896, Madagascar became a French protectorate, and remained under French rule until 1960, when it gained independence.
Today, Madagascar is a parliamentary democracy with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. The country has a diverse economy, with agriculture, mining, and tourism being the main sectors. The official language is Malagasy, which is spoken by the majority of the population. French and English are also widely spoken and taught in schools.
Madagascar is a culturally rich country, with a vibrant music and dance tradition. The island is also home to a number of national parks and reserves, which are home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including lemurs, chameleons, and baobab trees. Despite its natural beauty and cultural diversity, Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world, and faces a number of challenges, including poverty, environmental degradation, and political instability.
|Country codes||MG, MDG (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Madagascar|
|Official languages||Malagasy and French|
|Religion||84.7% Christianity, 7.3% No religion, 4.7% Traditional faiths, 3.1% Islam, 0.3% Others|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT) • Summer (DST) UTC+3|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Southern African Development Community|
|Population density||48 per Km2 (123 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||38.5 % of the population is urban (10,670,252 people in 2020)|
|Median age||19.6 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 581,795 Km2 (224,632 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Maromokotro (2 876 m, 9 436 ft)|
|Lowest point||Indian Ocean|
|GDP per capita||$ 500 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Malagasy ariary (Ar, MGA)|
|Internet TLD||.mg (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Madagascar Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Madagascar
|51||Belo sur Tsiribihina||23,900|