The tricolour, or national flag of Ireland, is a vertical flag with equal horizontal bands of green, white, and orange. The flag was given to Thomas Francis Meagher as a gift in 1848, and it was meant to symbolise the inclusion and hoped-for union of Roman Catholics (represented by green) and Protestants (represented by orange).
The white in the center was supposed to represent a long-term truce between the two factions. During the Easter Rising of 1916, when it was flown atop Dublin's General Post Office, the tricolor received worldwide recognition as the national flag.
It was later adopted by the Irish Republic during the Irish War of Independence and granted constitutional legitimacy under the 1937 Irish Constitution. The tricolor is regarded the national flag of Ireland as a whole, and it is flown by nationalists in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
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Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean, on the northwest coast of Europe. It is the second-largest island in the British Isles, and the third-largest in Europe, with a population of over 7 million people. The country is divided into two regions: the Republic of Ireland, which covers about five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
The landscape of Ireland is characterized by low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers flowing inland. Its climate is mild and temperate, with abundant rainfall and cloud cover, and is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. The island has a diverse and lush vegetation, with about 10% of the land covered in woodland, mostly consisting of non-native conifer plantations.
Gaelic culture emerged in Ireland in the 1st century AD, and the island was Christianized in the 5th century. In the 12th century, the Anglo-Norman invasion brought England's sovereignty over the island, but it was not until the 16th and 17th centuries, with the Tudor conquest, that English rule extended over all of Ireland. A system of Protestant English rule was implemented in the 1690s, which disadvantaged the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was further extended in the 18th century. In 1801, Ireland became part of the United Kingdom through the Acts of Union. A war of independence in the early 20th century led to the creation of the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.
Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, particularly in literature. It also shares many features with British culture, including the English language and sports such as football, rugby, horse racing, golf, and boxing. Gaelic games, Irish music, Irish language, and Irish dance are also important aspects of Irish culture. In 1973, the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community, and in 2020, the United Kingdom, including Northern Ireland, left the European Union.
|Country codes||IE, IRL (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Ireland|
|Official languages||Irish and English|
|Time zone||(UTC) • Summer (UTC+1)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||72 per Km2 (186 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||63.0 % of the population is urban (3,111,336 people in 2020)|
|Median age||38.2 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 68,890 Km2 (26,599 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Carrauntoohil (1 038 m, 3 406 ft)|
|Lowest point||North Slob (-3 m, -10 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 100,172 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.ie (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Ireland Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Ireland
|25||An Muileann gCearr||17,262|