The national flag of Cuba consists of five alternating stripes in the colors blue and white, with a red equilateral triangle at the hoist. Within the triangle is a white five-pointed star. The flag is known as the Estrella Solitaria, or the Lone Star flag. The stripes represent the three departments in which Cuba was divided at the time the flag was designed, and the white represents the purity of the patriot cause.
The red triangle represents strength and constancy, and has Masonic influences (triangles are Masonic symbols for equality and were found in a number of other flags in the former Spanish empire). The white star represents freedom and independence. The flag was designed in 1849 and officially adopted on May 20, 1902, after the Cuban Revolution, which established the present-day communist state of the Republic of Cuba.
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Cuba is an island country located in the Caribbean Sea, bordered by the United States to the north, the Bahamas to the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the south and west. It is the largest island in the Caribbean and is home to over 11 million people, making it the 109th most populous country in the world.
Cuba has a diverse and multicultural society, with people of Spanish, African, and Indigenous descent living in the country. The official language is Spanish, and the country has a predominantly Roman Catholic population.
Cuba has a varied and unique landscape, ranging from beautiful beaches to mountains to forests. The country is known for its warm and tropical climate, and it is a popular tourist destination.
Cuba has a single-party socialist state system of government, with the Communist Party of Cuba holding a monopoly on political power. The country is ruled by the President and the Council of Ministers, who are selected by the Communist Party.
Cuba has a strong and diversified economy, with a wide range of industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. It is a major exporter of tobacco, sugar, and seafood, and it is also home to a growing technology sector.
|Country codes||CU, CUB (ISO 3166-1)|
|Official name||Republic of Cuba|
|Religion||58.9% Christianity, 23.2% No religion, 17.6% Folk religions, 0.3% Others|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (CST) • Summer (DST) • UTC−4 (CDT)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Organization of American States|
|Population density||106 per Km2 (276 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||78.3 % of the population is urban (8,873,848 people in 2020)|
|Median age||42.2 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 106,440 Km2 (41,097 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Pico Turquino (1 974 m, 6 476 ft)|
|Lowest point||Caribbean Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ 9,499 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Cuban convertible peso ($, CUC)|
|Internet TLD||.cu (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Cuba Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Cuba
|2||Santiago de Cuba||555,865|
|7||Diez de Octubre||227,293|
|12||Pinar del Rio||186,990|
|14||Habana del Este||178,041|
|15||San Miguel del Padron||159,273|
|18||Ciego de Avila||142,027|
|26||La Habana Vieja||95,383|
|30||Guira de Melena||69,879|
|31||Consolacion del Sur||69,857|
|38||Sagua la Grande||62,073|
|42||San Jose de las Lajas||54,847|
|58||San Antonio de los Banos||42,724|
|70||Santiago de las Vegas||35,241|