Nepal Flag

Nepal flag
Nepal flag

Nepal's national flag, known in Nepali as “Nepalko Jhanda,” is unique in that it is the only non-rectangular flag that functions as both the state and civic flag for a sovereign country. It's a double-pennon flag, which is made up of two single pennies.

The ruby red color of the flag indicates bravery and is also the color of the rhododendron, Nepal's national flower. The blue border that surrounds the flag symbolizes peace. Previously, the sun and crescent moon motifs on the flag included human features, but these were removed in 1962 to modernize the flag.

On December 16, 1962, the current flag design was adopted, coinciding with the inauguration of a new constitutional government. Shankar Nath Rimal, a construction engineer, standardized the flag at the request of King Mahendra. The flag's design is a blend of the two unique pennons used by rival branches of the royal family and borrows from conventional flag designs used during the 19th and 20th centuries.

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Country information

Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia, between India and China. It is the home to the Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world, and is home to eight of the ten highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth. Nepal is a diverse country with a rich cultural heritage and a wide range of languages and ethnicities.

The history of Nepal dates back to ancient times, with the earliest recorded civilization dating back to the 7th century BC. The country was ruled by a series of dynasties over the centuries, and became a unified kingdom in the late 18th century. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Nepal underwent significant political and social changes, including the adoption of a constitution and the establishment of a multiparty democracy.

Nepal has a mixed economy, with a combination of agriculture, industry, and services sectors. The country is known for its production of textiles, including wool and cashmere, and is also a major exporter of tea and rice. Tourism is a major contributor to the economy, with millions of visitors each year drawn to Nepal's stunning natural beauty and cultural attractions. The official language of Nepal is Nepali, and the country is predominantly Hindu, with a small minority of Buddhists.

Independent Yes
Country codes NP, NPL (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Official languages Nepal
Religion 81.3% Hinduism, 9.0% Buddhism, 4.4% Islam, 3.1% Kirant, 1.4% Christianity, 0.5% Prakriti, 0.3% Others
Capital city Kathmandu
Continent Asia
Time zone UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
Member of United Nations
Population 30,481,106 (2023)
Population density 203 per Km2 (526 people per mi2)
Urban Population 21.4 % of the population is urban (6,226,233 people in 2020)
Migrants (net) 41,710
Median age 24.6 years
Total area The total land area is 143,350 Km2 (55,348 sq. miles)
Highest point Mount Everest (8 848 m, 29 029 ft)
Lowest point Mukhiyapatti Musharniya (59 m, 194 ft)
GDP per capita $ 1,208 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency Nepalese rupee (₨, NPR)
Calling code +977
Internet TLD .np (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Nepal Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Nepal

1 Kathmandu 1,442,271
2 Pokhara 200,000
3 Patan 183,310
4 Biratnagar 182,324
5 Birganj 133,238
6 Dharan 108,600
7 Bharatpur 107,157
8 Janakpur 93,767
9 Dhangadhi 92,294
10 Butwal 91,733
11 Mahendranagar 88,381
12 Hetauda 84,775
13 Madhyapur Thimi 83,036
14 Triyuga 71,405
15 Inaruwa 70,093
16 Nepalgunj 64,400
17 Siddharthanagar 63,367
18 Gulariya 53,107
19 Titahari 47,984
20 Panauti 46,595
21 Tikapur 44,758
22 Kirtipur 44,632
23 Tulsipur 39,058
24 Rajbiraj 33,061
25 Lahan 31,495
26 Birendranagar 31,381
27 Panauti 27,602
28 Gaur 27,325
29 Siraha 24,657
30 Tansen 23,693
31 Jaleshwar 23,573
32 Dipayal 23,416
33 Baglung 23,296
34 Khanbari 22,903
35 Dhankuta 22,084
36 Walin 21,867
37 Dailekh 20,908
38 Malangawa 20,284
39 Bhadrapur 19,523
40 Dadeldhura 19,014
41 Darchula 18,317
42 Ilam 17,491
43 Banepa 17,153
44 Dhulikhel 16,263
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