Japan's national flag is known as the Nisshki or Hinomaru, which meaning “sun flag.” The flag is white with a red circle in the center. The Act on National Flag and Anthem, which went into force on August 13, 1999, formally acknowledged the flag.
The sun holds enormous cultural and spiritual significance in Japan, as seen by the country's name and flag design. During the Meiji Restoration, the sun disc and the Imperial Japanese Navy and Army's Rising Sun Ensign were employed as symbols of the Japanese Empire. The flag has sparked debate in China and Korea, where it is viewed as a sign of aggressiveness and imperialism.
It has also been the source of contention about its use in Japanese public schools. The Hinomaru is the basis for several military banners in Japan, and it is also used as a template for other Japanese flags.
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Japan is an island country located in East Asia. It is made up of a series of islands and is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. The country is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions, with the Greater Tokyo Area being the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The history of Japan dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period, with the first written mention of the country appearing in a Chinese chronicle from the 2nd century AD. Throughout the centuries, Japan has been ruled by a series of emperors, military dictators, feudal lords, and warrior nobility. In the 19th century, Japan began a process of modernization and westernization, which led to the restoration of imperial power in 1868.
During the Meiji period, Japan underwent rapid industrialization and modernization, adopting a Western-style constitution and becoming a great power. In the early 20th century, Japan pursued a policy of overseas colonization and militarism, which led to its involvement in World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the war and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered and underwent a seven-year Allied occupation, during which it adopted a new constitution.
Since the end of the war, Japan has become a developed country and a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by PPP, with a high per capita income ranking. Japan is also a leader in the automotive, robotics, and electronics industries and has made significant contributions to science and technology.
Japanese culture is well-known around the world and includes art, cuisine, film, music, and popular culture. It is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations and the G20.
|Country codes||JP, JPN (ISO 3166-1)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|Member of||United Nations|
|Population density||347 per Km2 (899 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||91.8 % of the population is urban (116,099,672 people in 2020)|
|Median age||48.4 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 364,555 Km2 (140,755 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Fuji on Honshu (3 776 m, 12 388 ft)|
|Lowest point||Hachiro-gata on Honshu (-4 m, -13 ft)|
|GDP per capita||$ 39,312 (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Japanese yen (¥, JPY)|
|Internet TLD||.jp, .みんな (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Japan Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Japan