Scotland Flag

Scotland flag
Scotland flag

Scotland's flag is known as the Saltire or St Andrew's Cross. It is made up of a white saltire on a blue field. The saltire is a diagonal cross with equal arms that represents the cross of Saint Andrew, Scotland's patron saint. The blue field represents the sky and the sea, which are important elements of the Scottish landscape. This flag is the national flag of Scotland and should be flown by all private people and corporate entities.

Around 1542, Sir David Lyndsay of the Mount's Register of Scottish Arms reported the first use of the flag. However, the flag may have been in use prior to that era, with one hypothesis holding that the white saltire on a blue field was originally flown by Queen Margaret, James III's wife, in the late 15th century. With a few exceptions, it is flown from Scottish government buildings every day from 8:00 a.m. till sunset.

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Country information

Scotland is a country located in the northern part of the United Kingdom, bordered by England to the south and the North Sea to the east. It is a land of mountains and lochs, with a rich cultural heritage and a mix of different ethnicities and religions. Scotland is known for its stunning natural beauty, with a varied landscape ranging from mountains and forests to beaches and coastlines.

The history of Scotland dates back to ancient times, with the first human settlements dating back to at least 8000 BC. The country has a long and complex history, with a mix of Celtic, Viking, and other influences. Scotland has been an independent kingdom for much of its history, but has also been part of the United Kingdom since 1707.

Today, Scotland is a high-income country with a large and diversified economy. The country is known for its tourism industry, as well as for its production of agricultural products such as livestock, wheat, and potatoes. Scotland has a temperate climate, with mild winters and cool summers. The official language of Scotland is English.

Independent No
Country codes GB-SCT (ISO 3166-2:GB)
Official name Scotland
Official languages English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic
Religion 53.8% Christianity, 36.7% No religion, 1.4% Islam, 0.3% Hinduism, 0.2% Buddhism, 0.2% Sikhism, 0.1% Judaism, 0.3% Other
Capital city Edinburgh‎
Continent /
Time zone UTC (Greenwich Mean Time) • Summer (DST) • UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Member of /
Population 5,463,300 (2019)
Population density 67.5/km2 (174.8/sq mi)
Urban Population /
Migrants (net) /
Median age /
Total area The total land area is 77,933 km2 (30,090 sq mi)
Highest point /
Lowest point /
GDP per capita £ 26,572 (World Bank, 2021)
Currency British pound (£, GBP)
Calling code +44
Internet TLD .scot, .uk (click here to find and register domain name)
Country Wikipedia Page Scotland Wikipedia Page

Main Cities by Population in Scotland

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