Martinique's coat of arms is based on the island's contentious snake flag, which includes a white cross on a blue field with a white fer-de-lance viper (Bothrops lanceolatus) in each corner. Following an edict issued on August 4, 1766, vessels of the French colony of Martinique and Saint Lucia were required to fly a variant of the French flag, which at the time was a white cross on a blue field, with L-shaped (for Lucia) snakes in each quarter of the cross. The debate arose because such ships were active participants in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with locals strongly opposing the usage of the flag, and hence the coat of arms.
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Martinique is an overseas department and region of France located in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is an insular region of the French Republic, and an integral part of the French Republic, along with metropolitan France.
Martinique is a tropical island with a humid and rainy climate, with an average temperature of 26 °C (78.8 °F) and an average annual rainfall of 1,600 millimeters (63 in). The island's economy is based on agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing, with major exports including bananas, rum, and flowers.
The island has a diverse population, with a mix of French, African, and Caribbean influences. The official language is French, and the local creole language, Antillean Creole, is widely spoken. The island is a popular tourist destination, with beautiful beaches, historical sites, and cultural events. It is also home to Mount Pelee, an active volcano.
|Country codes||MQ, MTQ (ISO 3166-1)|
|Religion||91.6% Christianity, 0.5% Baháʼí, 0.5% Islam, 0.3% Hinduism, 7.1% Other|
|Time zone||UTC−04:00 (ECT)|
|Population density||354 per Km2 (917 people per mi2)|
|Urban Population||91.6 % of the population is urban (343,595 people in 2020)|
|Median age||47.0 years|
|Total area||The total land area is 1,060 Km2 (409 sq. miles)|
|Highest point||Mount Pelée (1 397 m, 4 583 ft)|
|Lowest point||Caribbean Sea|
|GDP per capita||$ / (World Bank, 2021)|
|Currency||Euro (€, EUR)|
|Internet TLD||.mq (click here to find and register domain name)|
|Country Wikipedia Page||Martinique Wikipedia Page|
Main Cities by Population in Martinique